Efeito de 12 semanas de exercício físico domiciliar na aptidão física de idosas com câncer de mama em hormonioterapia

ensaio clínico randomizado

  • Breno Augusto Bormann de Souza Filho Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1700-8688
  • José Roberto da Silva Júnior Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
  • William Serrano Smethurst Universidade de Pernambuco
  • Dalmir Cavalcanti dos Santos Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
  • Cleber Nascimento do Carmo Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública
  • Inês Echenique Mattos Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7297-1864
  • João Guilherme Bezerra Alves Instituto de Medicina Integral Prof. Fernando Figueira
Palavras-chave: Neoplasias da Mama, Exercício, Aptidão Física, Idoso

Resumo

Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos de um programa de exercícios físicos domiciliares na aptidão física de idosas com câncer de mama em tratamento. Métodos: Ensaio clínico randomizado com 75 idosas com câncer de mama, realizado em um Hospital Geral do Recife, Brasil, de abril a novembro de 2015. 38 foram alocadas para um programa de exercícios físicos domiciliares, durante 12 semanas, e 37 para o Grupo Controle, o qual recebeu palestras mensais sobre a importância da manutenção de um estilo de vida ativo. Um manual de exercícios físicos e DVD foi previamente desenvolvido e distribuído para o Grupo Intervenção. Foi utilizada a bateria Senior Fitness Test para avaliar a aptidão física. Resultados: Foi observada melhora significativa da força muscular, flexibilidade, equilíbrio e resistência aeróbica no Grupo Intervenção, de acordo com os itens da SFT; Flexão de Antebraço (13,74 - 17,10 repetições, p <0,01); Levantar e Sentar (12,03 - 14,55 repetições, p <0,01); Ir e Vir (6,85 - 6,00 segundos, p <0,01), marcha estacionária de 2 minutos (79,08 - 123,37 duplas passadas, p <0,01); Alcançar as Costas (-8,74 a -0,42 centímetros, p <0,01); e Sentar e Alcançar (-6,76 a 4,76 centímetros, p <0,01). Não foram observadas melhoras com relação ao IMC e força de preensão manual. Conclusão: O programa de exercícios físicos domiciliares mostrou eficácia para melhorar a aptidão física em idosas com câncer de mama em tratamento.

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Publicado
2019-03-31
Seção
Artigo Original