Rastreamento de câncer em mulheres deficientes

revisão integrativa

Palavras-chave: Pessoas com Deficiência, Saúde da Mulher, Neoplasias/reabilitação, Programas de Rastreamento

Resumo

Para tentar reduzir a morbidade e mortalidade por câncer, têm sido utilizadas estratégias de diagnóstico precoce e de rastreamento da doença. Para que as ações de rastreamento sejam eficazes, devem ser disponibilizadas a toda população. Entretanto não é essa a realidade de mulheres com deficiência. Objetivo: Identificar como tem sido realizado o rastreamento de câncer em mulheres com deficiência. Método: Foi realizada uma revisão integrativa da literatura com buscas realizadas nas bases de dados Pubmed, LILACS e Web of Science. Resultados: Foram incluídos 25 artigos, e pode-se observar que mulheres com deficiência apresentaram barreiras para o acesso aos serviços de saúde: escolaridade, renda, nível de incapacidade, estado civil, estar inserido em sistema de saúde privado, idade, ter um cuidador, falta de adaptação dos serviços para pessoas com deficiência e falta de conhecimento dos profissionais e das próprias mulheres. Como consequência dessas barreias, as mulheres com deficiência apresentam menor probabilidade de realizarem os exames de rastreamento. Conclusão: As mulheres com deficiência são menos propensas a comporem os programas de rastreamento do câncer de mama e colo do útero, mesmo entre países desenvolvidos.

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Publicado
2019-09-30
Seção
Artigo de Revisão