Notas sôbre a meiose de pachylis (Hemipt-Coreidae)


  • S. de Toledo Piza Jor. Universidade de São Paulo; Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz



Spermatogonial chromosomes of Pachylis laticornis and Pachylis pharaonis begin anaphasic movement with both ends turned toward the same pole, maintaining this form util they reach the poles. This is a proof that they are provided with one kinetochore at each end. Additional proof for a longitudinal division of each longitudinal half of the anaphase chromosomes of the primary sper- matocytes is presented against the idea of a previous end-toend pairing at metaphase. The longitudinal split of the chromosomes of the secondary spermatocytes which used to be considered as tertiary split is therefore a true secondary split. The heterochromosome in both species passes undivided to one pole in the first division of the spermatocyte. In Pachylis laticornis it appears connected with the poles by means of two fibrils detached from each extremity, what may be considered as indicating a rather premature longitudinal spliting. The behavior of the heterochromosome of Pachylis pharaonis is highly interesting and affords one of the most beautiful evidences in favour of the dicentricity of the chromosomes. Really, in metaphase the heterochromosome appears at the equator of the cell with a more or less round shape. In the beginning of anaphase it becomes fusiform. As anaphase proceeds it distends itself between the autosomal plates forming a long fusiform bridge or sends toward the plates a thick chromosomal thread. The bulky part of the heterochromosome as it passes to one side it reincorporates the substance of the thread in this side. The thread in the other side, which becomes generally thiner, is left with its kinetochore in the cell at this side. The heterochromosome therefore becomes terminally monocentric in the first division of the spermatocyte. Some figures, however, suggest that the heterochromossome from time to time may pass with both kinetochores to one of the cells, as ordinarily happens in the case of Pachylis laticornis. Summing up, other things apart the behavior of the heterochromosome in both species studied here puts out of doubt the question of the existence of two terminally located kinetochores.


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Piza Jor., S. de T. (1946). Notas sôbre a meiose de pachylis (Hemipt-Coreidae) . Anais Da Escola Superior De Agricultura Luiz De Queiroz, 3, 55-68.



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