Active ingredients, mechanisms of action and efficacy tests of antipollution cosmetic and personal care products

  • Maria Valéria Robles Velasco University of São Paulo. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Department of Pharmacy
  • Rafael Sauce University of São Paulo. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Department of Pharmacy
  • Camila Areias de Oliveira University of São Paulo. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Department of Biochemical-Pharmaceutical Technology
  • Claudinéia A.S. de Oliveira Pinto University of São Paulo. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Department of Pharmacy
  • Renata Miliani Martinez University of São Paulo. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Department of Pharmacy
  • Stephanie Baah King’s College London. Pharmacy (MPharm3)
  • Tânia Santos Almeida Universidade Lusófona’s Research Center for Biosciences and Health Technologies
  • Catarina Rosado Universidade Lusófona’s Research Center for Biosciences and Health Technologies
  • André Rolim Baby University of São Paulo. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Department of Pharmacy
Keywords: Active ingredients, Antipollution, Cosmetics, Efficacy tests

Abstract

Urban population around the globe is direct exposed to the pollution caused by several sources (vehicles, industries, smokes etc.) and primary pollutants are divided in particulate matter and toxic gases. Current researches in populous countries indicated that exposure to pollution could affect sebum composition, stratum corneum quality and signs of skin aging. Hair and scalp are also affected by the excessive exposure to pollutants, resulting in a dull, dry and lifeless appearance. Cosmetics have been evolved conceptual and scientifically to achieve substantial effectiveness against pollution damaging on the cutaneous tissue, involving the development of innovative multipurpose active ingredients and efficacy tests, skilled to prove the protection and benefits of such personal care products. In this review, we highlighted the skin and hair/scalp damages provoked by the main environmental pollutants and the active substances used in antipollution cosmetics/personal care products with the respective mechanisms of action. Likewise, in vitro and in vivo efficacy tests were discussed concerning the antipollution claim substantiating.

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Published
2018-12-28
How to Cite
Velasco, M. V., Sauce, R., Oliveira, C., Pinto, C., Martinez, R., Baah, S., Almeida, T., Rosado, C., & Baby, A. (2018). Active ingredients, mechanisms of action and efficacy tests of antipollution cosmetic and personal care products. Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 54(Especial), e01003. https://doi.org/10.1590/s2175-97902018000001003
Section
Review