Infectious diseases in aquarium ornamental pet fish

prevention and control measures

  • Pedro Henrique Magalhães Cardoso Department of Preventive Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny Faculty, São Paulo University
  • Andrea Micke Moreno
  • Luisa Zanolli Moreno
  • Carolina Helena de Oliveira
  • Francisco de Assis Baroni
  • Samara Rita de Lucca Maganha
  • Ricardo Luis Moro de Souza
  • Simone de Carvalho Balian
Keywords: Ornamental fish disease. Bacteria. Virus. Fungi. Animal health.


Aquarium ornamental pet fish constitute a major segment in the pet industry, with the United States, Europe, and Japan dominating the market. There are approximately 1,500 marine fish species and over 4,500 freshwater fish species commercialized as aquarium ornamental pet fish. Fish are the fourth most common pet present in Brazilian homes. In Brazil, aquarium ornamental pet fish can be marketed and distributed from different parts of the Brazilian territory and the world. Commercialization and circulation of living animals without the use of adequate prophylactic management procedures enables dissemination of a number of agents responsible for infectious diseases. Aquarium pet fish can also carry pathogenic agents, of bacterial, viral, fungal, or parasitic etiology, that may have a zoonotic feature endangering the persons handling the animals. This review presents the main pathogenic infectious agents of bacterial, viral, and
fungal etiology that affect aquarium pet fish, as well as the prevention and control measures to ensure sanitary excellence in this segment.


Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Cardoso, P., Moreno, A., Moreno, L., de Oliveira, C., Baroni, F., Maganha, S., de Souza, R., & Balian, S. (2019). Infectious diseases in aquarium ornamental pet fish. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 56(2), e151697.