Acid base disorders in hospitalized cattle

  • Adriana Garzon-Audor Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia.. Departamento de Salud Animal.
  • Olimpo Oliver-Espinosa Universidad Nacional de Colombia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4669-1508
  • Rubiela Castañeda-Salazar Pontificia Universidad Javeriana. Facultad de Ciencias. Departamento de Microbiología.
Keywords: Bovine, Physicochemical approach, Strong ion acidosis, Hyponatremia

Abstract

The objectives of this retrospective study were to determine the main acid-base and electrolytes disorders in hospitalized cattle, using both Henderson-Hasselbalch and the physicochemical approach and to compare their diagnostic and therapeutic utility. A total of 31 medical records were reviewed of bovines admitted to the Large Animal Hospital at Universidad Nacional de Colombia, that met the inclusion criteria of the measurement of blood gases, blood electrolytes and plasma protein on admission before providing any treatment. Using the Henderson-Hasselbalch approach, acid base abnormalities were found in 83.3% of the patients, compared to 93.5% using the physicochemical approach. The principal acid-base disorders found were strong ion acidosis (61.29%) and weak acid acidosis (38.7%); strong ion gap (SIG) acidosis was found in 73.68% of cases showing strong ion acidosis. These results highlight the importance of the diagnosis of acid-base disorders in sick cattle for proper recognition of pathophysiological phenomena and its understanding to guide treatment decisions.

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Author Biography

Olimpo Oliver-Espinosa, Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Olimpo Oliver E.  MV. MSc. DVSc

Associate professor
Large Animal Hospital
Departament of Animal Health 
Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y de Zootecnia
Universidad Nacional de Colombia

Published
2020-03-30
How to Cite
Garzon-Audor, A., Oliver-Espinosa, O., & Castañeda-Salazar, R. (2020). Acid base disorders in hospitalized cattle. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 57(1), e159837. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2020.159837
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