Successful xenotransfusion from a domestic dog (Canis familiaris) to an Andean fox (Lycalopex culpaeus)

  • Eduardo Alfonso Díaz Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Hospital de Fauna Silvestre TUERI. Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0486-1513
  • Carolina Sáenz Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Hospital de Fauna Silvestre TUERI
  • Erika Latorre Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Hospital Docente de Especialidades Veterinarias
  • Diego Francisco Cisneros-Heredia Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Colegio de Ciencias Biológicas y Ambientales
  • Ivette Dueñas Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria
Keywords: Blood transfusion, Hemorrhage, Hypovolemic shock, Run over

Abstract

An Andean fox was transferred to the Wildlife Hospital of the Universidad San Francisco de Quito for evaluation of
injuries caused by a run over. Clinical signs of hypovolemic shock were detected. Radiographies showed multiple pelvic
fractures and free fluid in retroperitoneal cavity. The presumptive diagnosis was hemorrhagic shock caused by blood
loss secondary to a pelvis fracture. An emergency xenotransfusion using blood from a domestic dog was performed
without acute transfusion reactions observed. This is the first report of successful xenotransfusion between a domestic
dog and an Andean fox presenting a procedure that could be applied in emergency situations.

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Published
2020-05-19
How to Cite
Díaz, E., Sáenz, C., Latorre, E., Cisneros-Heredia, D. F., & Dueñas, I. (2020). Successful xenotransfusion from a domestic dog (Canis familiaris) to an Andean fox (Lycalopex culpaeus). Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 57(2), e161756. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2020.161756
Section
CASE REPORT