Myofascial Pain Syndrome, myofascial trigger points and trigger points in Veterinary Medicine

a review

Keywords: Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Trigger points, Horses, Dogs

Abstract

Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) a is a painful condition related to myofascial trigger points (TP) in skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to perform a literature review on the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of MPS in veterinary medicine. The research sites used for this purpose were: Scientific Electronic Library, PubMed and Medline. The inclusion criteria for the papers were: must be written in English; published between 1990 and 2018; include the following keywords: myofascial pain syndrome veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine, trigger points veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine. Through the review, it was observed that veterinary clinical studies are scarce, and the articles found lack information such as MPS description, incidence and specific treatment techniques in dogs and horses, and no studies in cats were found.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Borg-Stein J, Iaccarino MA. Myofascial pain syndrome treatments. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2014;25(2):357-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2014.01.012. PMid:24787338.

Bowen AG, Goff LM, McGowan CM. Investigation of myofascial trigger points in equine pectoral muscles and girth-aversion behavior. J Equine Vet Sci. 2017;48:154-160.e1. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2016.04.095.

Brockman T. A case study utilizing myofascial release, acupressure and trigger point therapy to treat bilateral “Stringhalt” in a 12 year old Akhal-Teke horse. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017;21(3):589-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbmt.2016.08.019.PMid:28750969.

Downing R. The role of physical medicine and rehabilitation for patients in palliative and hospice care. Vet Clin Small Anim. 2011;41(3):591-608. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2011.03.011. PMid:21601748.

Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Nijs J. Trigger point dry needling for the treatment of myofascial pain syndrome: current perspectives within a pain neuroscience paradigm. J Pain Res. 2019;12:1899-911. http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S154728.PMid:31354339.

Formenton MR, Pereira MAA, Fantoni DT. Small animal massage therapy: a brief review and relevant observations. Top Companion Anim Med. 2017;32(4):139-45. http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2017.10.001. PMid:29525233.

Frank EM. Myofascial trigger point diagnostic criteria in the dog. J Musculoskeletal Pain. 1999;7(1–2):231-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J094v07n01_22.

Fry LM, Neary SM, Sharrock J, Rychel JK. Acupuncture for analgesia in veterinary medicine. Top Companion Anim Med. 2014;29(2):35-42. http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2014.03.001. PMid:25454374.

Gerwin RD. Diagnosis of myofascial pain syndrome. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2014;25(2):341-55. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pmr.2014.01.011. PMid:24787337.

Gerwin RD, Dommerholt J, Shah JP. An expansion of Simons’ integrated hypothesis of trigger point formation. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004;8(6):468-75.

Hong CZ, Simons DG. Pathophysiologic and electrophysiologic mechanisms of myofascial trigger points. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998;79(7):863-72. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(98)90371-9. PMid:9685106.

Janssens LAA. Trigger points in 48 dogs with myofascial pain syndromes. Vet Surg. 1991;20(4):274-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.1991.tb01263.x. PMid:1949567.

Landis JR, Koch GG. The measurement of observer agreement for categorical data. Biometrics. 1977;33(1):159-74. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2529310. PMid:843571.

MacGregor J, Von Schweinitz DG. Needle electromyographic activity of myofascial trigger points and control sites in 9/9 Braz J Vet Res Anim Sci. 2020;57(2):e164351 equine cleidobrachialis muscle: an observational study. Acupunct Med. 2006;24(2):61-70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/aim.24.2.61. PMid:16783281.

Pellegrini DZ, Müller TR, Fonteque JH, Souza LP, Souza AF, Joaquim JGF. Equine acupuncture methods and applications: a review. Equine Vet Educ. 2020;32(5):268-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eve.12928.

Ridgway K. Acupuncture as a treatment modality for back problems. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 1999;15(1):211-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0749-0739(17)30173-6.PMid:10218251.

Rogers P. Acupuncture for equine paraspinal myofascial pain. Am J Tradit Chin Vet Med. 2012;7:69-75. Simons DG, Dommerholt J. Myofascial trigger points and myofascial pain syndrome: a critical review of recent literature. J Manual Manip Ther. 2006;14(4):125E-71E. http://dx.doi.org/10.1179/jmt.2006.14.4.125E.

Simons DG. Understanding effective treatments of myofascial trigger points. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2002;6(2):81-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1054/jbmt.2002.0271.

Teixeira MJ, Yeng LT, Hideko H, Kaziyama S, Ramos CA. Fisiopatologia da dor músculo-esquelética Physiopatology of the muscleskeletal pain. Rev Med. 2001;80:63-77.

Von Schweinitz DG. Thermographic diagnostics in equine back pain. Vet Clin North Am Equine Pract. 1999;15(1):161-77, viii. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0749-0739(17)30170-0. PMid:10218248.

Wall R. Introduction to myofascial trigger points in dogs. Top Companion Anim Med. 2014;29(2):43-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2013.11.001. PMid:25454375.

Yeng LT, Kaziyama HHS, Teixeira MJ. Síndrome dolorosa miofascial. Rev Med. 2001;80:94-110.

Published
2020-07-13
How to Cite
Sato, N. Y., Bastos, B., Pereira, M. A., Campos, K., Ambrósio, A., Formenton, M., & Fantoni, D. (2020). Myofascial Pain Syndrome, myofascial trigger points and trigger points in Veterinary Medicine. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 57(2), e164351. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2020.164351
Section
REVIEW ARTICLE

Most read articles by the same author(s)