Parasites with zoonotic potential in pets feces on the beaches of greater Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil

Authors

  • Alice da Silva Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Centro de Ciências Agrárias. Departamento de Zootecnia e Desenvolvimento Rural. Laboratório de Parasitologia Animal, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil
  • Patrizia Ana Bricarello Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Centro de Ciências Agrárias. Departamento de Zootecnia e Desenvolvimento Rural. Laboratório de Parasitologia Animal, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil
  • Thailini de Oliveira Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Centro de Ciências Agrárias. Departamento de Zootecnia e Desenvolvimento Rural. Laboratório de Parasitologia Animal, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil
  • Lenilza Mattos Lima Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. Centro de Ciências da Saúde. Departamento de Análises Clínicas, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2020.168442

Keywords:

Zoonoses, Helminths, Pets, Public health, Hookworms

Abstract

In Brazil, dogs and cats have free access in public areas in some cities, such as squares, parks and beaches, despite restrictive laws for their permanence in these places. Animals infected with intestinal parasites contaminate the environment through their feces. The present study aimed to verify the occurrence of helminth eggs, oocysts and protozoan cysts in stool samples from three beaches in Greater Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil, from March 2017 to April 2018. Stool samples were processed by the Willis-Mollay flotation technique and the Hoffman sedimentation technique. The percentage of 47.65% of positive samples for helminths or protozoa was found on the southern beaches of Florianópolis island, with an occurrence of 52.78% at Morro das Pedras Beach and 42.86% at Campeche Beach. At Pinheira beach, in Palhoça, 56.66% of the samples were contaminated with one or more zoonotic parasites. In this study, the most prevalent parasites on the three beaches analyzed were hookworms and Trichuris vulpis, followed by Giardia spp. and Cystoisospora spp. Samples containing Toxocara spp. eggs were collected at Pinheira beach. It is concluded that the contamination of the beaches in the present study constitutes a public health problem, considering the possibility of zoonoses transmission. The importance of implementing sanitary programs for the control of parasites in dogs and cats is emphasized, as well as awareness and education programs, in order to reduce environmental contamination in public places.

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2020-10-14

How to Cite

da Silva, A., Bricarello, P. A., de Oliveira, T., & Mattos Lima, L. (2020). Parasites with zoonotic potential in pets feces on the beaches of greater Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 57(3), e168442. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2020.168442

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