Seroepidemiological inquiry of canine leptospirosis in the urban area from Botucatu, Sao Paulo State, Brazil

  • José Rafael Modolo Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Botucatu, SP
  • Hélio Langoni Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Botucatu, SP
  • Carlos Roberto Padovani Universidade Estadual Paulista, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Bioestatística, Botucatu, SP
  • Fábio Hiroto Shimabukuro Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP
  • André de Oliveira Mendonça Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP
  • Cassiano Victoria Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP
  • Welligton Borges da Silva Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP
Keywords: Dogs, Leptospiras, Urban area

Abstract

Leptospirosis was seroepidemiologically investigated in 775 dogs from Botucatu, state of Sao Paulo, in blood samples collected during the annual anti-rabies vaccination campaign. The samples were collected from 14 out of the 45 vaccination stations geographically distributed in five different municipal districts, with a territorial urban area of 31Km². Samples were taken from 449 males and 326 females; 564 were of undetermined breed, and 211 were pedigree animals; ages ranged from 3 months to 20 years. Diagnosis included the microscopic serum agglutination tests using 12 Leptospira spp serovars. Serological results and epidemiological variables were compared using Goodman and chi-square tests, with c=0.05. There were 119 (15.3%) positive samples for 11 serovars; the most important was canicola with 48 (40.3%), followed by pyrogenes 41 (34.5%). Statistical analysis showed significant difference for: breed, 17.7% positive in undetermined breeds and 9.0% in pedigrees; and sex, 18.4% positive in males and 11.0% in females. There was no statistically significant difference in relation to age with uniform distribution of positives.

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Published
2006-10-01
How to Cite
Modolo, J., Langoni, H., Padovani, C., Shimabukuro, F., Mendonça, A., Victoria, C., & Silva, W. (2006). Seroepidemiological inquiry of canine leptospirosis in the urban area from Botucatu, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 43(5), 598-604. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2006.26567
Section
UNDEFINIED