Azadirachta indica (Neem) action in goats gastrintestinal nematodes

Authors

  • Ana Carolina de Souza Chagas EMBRAPA Caprinos, Sobral, CE
  • Luiz da Silva Vieira EMBRAPA Caprinos, Sobral, CE

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2007.26661

Keywords:

Azadirachta indica, Phytoteraphy, Goats, Gastrintestinal nematodes, Control

Abstract

The resistance problem in goats gastrointestinal nematodes, associated to the increasing interest for control alternatives, induced the investigation of the Azadirachta indica action on these parasites. In in vitro test it was detected ovicida and larvicida action of Neem dry and fresh leaves aqueous extracts in five concentrations. In in vivo test each animal received orally 30g of dry leaves for a five days period. To monitor the animals were used diary fecal eggs per gram count (FEC) by 28 days and larvae were quantified and identified through fecal culture. Predominance of Haemonchus sp. in rainy season and Trichostrongylus spp. in dry season were detected. The dry leaves aqueous extract reduced in 89% the larvae hatching of goats' gastrointestinal nematodes, in 240.000ppm concentration. However this is a very high concentration to be applied on vermin's control. The oral administration of Azadirachta indica triturated dry leaves did not reduce the medicated animals FEC during a period of 28 days after treatment. A. indica investigated studies must be concentrated in biological action of the seed oil extracted, because it possess bigger amount of azadirachtina than leaves. The oil administration also is easier, whereas the leaves have bitter taste and are prevented by animals.

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Published

2007-02-01

How to Cite

Chagas, A. C. de S., & Vieira, L. da S. (2007). Azadirachta indica (Neem) action in goats gastrintestinal nematodes. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 44(1), 49-55. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2007.26661

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