Mycobacterial isolation from Felis concolor in captivity

  • María Julia Traversa National University from the Center of Buenos Aires Province, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Department of Animal Health and Preventive Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Ignacio Etchechoury National Institute of Agro and Livestock Techonology, Institute of Biotechnology, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • María Cristina Jorge National University from the Center of Buenos Aires Province, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Department of Animal Health and Preventive Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Daniel Mateo Schettino National University from the Center of Buenos Aires Province, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Department of Animal Health and Preventive Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Amelia Bernadelli National Animal Health Service, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Martín Zumárraga National Institute of Agro and Livestock Techonology, Institute of Biotechnology, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Fernando Paolicchi National Institute of Agro and Livestock Techonology, Agro Experimental Station, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Angel Cataldi National Institute of Agro and Livestock Techonology, Institute of Biotechnology, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Sonia Canal National Institute of Agro and Livestock Techonology, Institute of Biotechnology, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Keywords: Felis concolr, Nontuberculous mycobacteria, Zoological garden

Abstract

This study was made in a wildlife preserve from Argentina where a previous tuberculosis report in Felis concolor has been done. The aim was to identify mycobacterial species isolated from the orpharynx of five American lions using bacteriological and molecular biology techniques on cases with nonspecific clinical signals. Samples were collected after sedation. They were treated in order to isolate Mycobacterium. Bacteriological differentiation was made using biochemical tests. Polymerase chain reaction has been performed to detect hsp65, IS6110 and IS1081. Acid fast bacilli were present in four specimens and from them were isolated slowly growing mycobacteria. The strains were differentiated as M. gordonae in two cases and M. simiae, M. scrofulaceum and M. avium/intracellulare in one case each other. The strains were identified as M. gordonae in three cases and M. avium III or M. simiae in two by PRA. The role of feral cats in the epidemiology of nontuberculous mycobacterial diseases remains to be further investigated.

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Published
2009-02-01
How to Cite
Traversa, M., Etchechoury, I., Jorge, M., Schettino, D., Bernadelli, A., Zumárraga, M., Paolicchi, F., Cataldi, A., & Canal, S. (2009). Mycobacterial isolation from Felis concolor in captivity. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 46(1), 25-31. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2009.26746
Section
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