Clinical evaluation of hypertonic saline solution treatment for acute ruminal lactic acidosis on cattle

Authors

  • Frederico Augusto Mazzocca Lopes Rodrigues Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Antonio Humberto Hamad Minervino Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Raimundo Alves Barrêto Júnior Universidades Federal Rural do Semi-Árido, Mossoró, RN
  • Alexandre Coutinho Antonelli Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE
  • Leonardo Frasson dos Reis Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Carolina Akiko Sato Cabral Araújo Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Rodrigo Nogueira Fernades Ferreira Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Thales dos Anjos Faria Vechiato Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Clara Satisuki Mori Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Enrico Lippi Ortolani Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/S1413-95962011000600002

Keywords:

Hypertonic, Dehydration, Acidosis, Lactic, Ruminal, Cattle

Abstract

Hypertonic saline solution (HSS) is known as an important treatment for hypovolemic shock. Cattle with acute rumen lactic acidosis (ARLA) usually present different degrees of dehydration. This study evaluated the efficiency of HSS for treatment of ARLA. Twelve yearling, cross-bred, male cattle were used. After an adaptation period, when a rumen cannula was implanted, the animals were submitted to an induction of ARLA by the administration of sucrose into the rumen. Twenty hours later the cattle were randomly divided in two groups. The 1st group was treated with 5 mL/kg BW with 7.5 % (NaCl), within 15 min after 20th h of the induction; thereafter it was infused 20 mL/ kg BW of isotonic saline solution (ISS) for the next 165 min. The 2nd group was treated only with ISS. Five liters of ruminal contents were removed and replaced with five liters of water in both groups. Variables were measured at time 0 (MO), 20 h (M20h) and throughout the treatment (M30', M60', M120' e M180'). The use of HSS caused a mild acidemia followed by a discrete hypercapnia. No side effects were seen in cattle treated with HSS. Infusion of HSS decreased the globular volume indicating a passage of fluids from the rumen into the bloodstream, correcting partially the dehydration. The use of HHS is a possible additional treatment for correction of dehydration caused by ARLA.

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Published

2011-12-01

How to Cite

Rodrigues, F. A. M. L., Minervino, A. H. H., Barrêto Júnior, R. A., Antonelli, A. C., Reis, L. F. dos, Araújo, C. A. S. C., Ferreira, R. N. F., Vechiato, T. dos A. F., Mori, C. S., & Ortolani, E. L. (2011). Clinical evaluation of hypertonic saline solution treatment for acute ruminal lactic acidosis on cattle. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 48(6), 446-453. https://doi.org/10.11606/S1413-95962011000600002

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