Serofrequency of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus in cats of Araçatuba, São Paulo

  • Ludmila Silva Vicente Sobrinho Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba, Araçatuba, SP
  • Juliana Peloi Vides Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba, Araçatuba, SP
  • Eveline Tozzi Braga Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba, Araçatuba, SP
  • Amélia Domingues Gomes Universidade Federal do Vale do São Francisco, Petrolina, PE
  • Claudio Nazaretian Rossi Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, São Paulo, SP
  • Mary Marcondes Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Odontologia de Araçatuba, Araçatuba, SP
Keywords: Feline, Immunosuppression, Retrovirus, Serology

Abstract

Feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia represent important infectious diseases caused by retroviruses. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of infection by feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) and feline leukemia virus (FeLV) in cats from the municipality of Araçatuba, São Paulo. Blood samples from 302 cats were collected and tested for the presence of antibodies against feline immunodeficiency virus and antigen of feline leukemia virus by ELISA ® Snap-Combo FIV-FeLV (IDEXX Laboratories). The frequency of FIV positivity was 5.63% (17/302) and of FeLV was 0.33% (1/302). Of the 17 cats infected with FIV, nine (52.94%) were symptomatic. There was a prevalence of FIV infection in males (p = 0.0316) and cats aged between one and three years (p = 0.0324).

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Published
2011-10-01
How to Cite
Sobrinho, L., Vides, J., Braga, E., Gomes, A., Rossi, C., & Marcondes, M. (2011). Serofrequency of feline immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus in cats of Araçatuba, São Paulo. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 48(5), 378-383. https://doi.org/10.11606/S1413-95962011000500004
Section
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