Relationship between clinical and radiography examination for equine osteoarthritis diagnosis

Authors

  • Raquel Yvonne Arantes Baccarin Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Ana Paula Lopes de Moraes Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Ana Carolina Rocha Veiga Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Wilson Roberto Fernandes Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica, São Paulo, SP
  • Marcos Amaku Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal, São Paulo, SP
  • Luis Claudio Lopes Correira da Silva Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Cirurgia, São Paulo, SP
  • Stefano Carlo Filippo Hagen Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Cirurgia, São Paulo, SP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2318-3659.v49i1p73-81

Keywords:

Osteoarthritis, Lameness, Horse, Radiography, Physical activity

Abstract

oint disease, specifically osteoarthritis, is one of the most prevalent and debilitating diseases affecting athletic horses. Despite technological advances in recent decades, clinical and radiographic examinations are still the most commonly used methods for diagnosis of equine osteoarthritis. Clinical data of 2872 horses were compiled and compared for this study, it were evaluated 146 cases of osteoarthritis and radiographies of 259 affected joints were reviewed in order to verify how far radiographic examination is consistent with the clinical examination, and to correlate the clinical changes with physical activity performed by horses. Records showed that osteoarthritis in the fetlock and pastern joints (digit) when displaying radiographic changes makes horses more prone to show lameness, compared to others who also have osteoarthritis with radiographic evidence, but in the tarsocrural joint. However, radiographic scores do not correlate the radiographic image with the presence or absence of lameness. The type of physical activity performed by the horses had no influence on the frequency of clinical signs of osteoarthritis. The horses with osteoarthritis had an average of 8.4 ± 3.9 years old and were used for ride, western and work with cattle. Among the breeds studied, those that most frequently had horses with osteoarthritis were Mangalarga Marchador, Crioulo and Quarter Horse.

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Published

2012-02-03

How to Cite

Baccarin, R. Y. A., Moraes, A. P. L. de, Veiga, A. C. R., Fernandes, W. R., Amaku, M., Silva, L. C. L. C. da, & Hagen, S. C. F. (2012). Relationship between clinical and radiography examination for equine osteoarthritis diagnosis. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 49(1), 73-81. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2318-3659.v49i1p73-81

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