A seroepidemiological study of leishmaniasis in horses in the region from Araçatuba-SP, Brazil, an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis

  • Francisco Leydson Formiga Feitosa Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Araçatuba, SP
  • Juliani Leal
  • Luiz Cláudio Nogueira Mendes Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Araçatuba, SP
  • Jualiana Regina Peiró Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Araçatuba, SP
  • Sílvia Helena Venturoli Perri Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Araçatuba, SP
  • Valéria Marçal Felix de Lima Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Araçatuba, SP
  • Mary Marcondes Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Araçatuba, SP
Keywords: L. chagasi, Cutaneous leishmaniasis, ELISA, rk39

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to perform a leishmaniasis survey in horses from Araçatuba, São Paulo, an endemic area of Brazil. Of the 466 horses tested for the presence of anti-Leishmania chagasi titers by ELISA, 68 (14.59%) were seropositive, with titers varying between 0.324 and 0.813. ELISA positive samples were also tested by immunocromatography and 19/466 (4.08%) were positive. The results of the present study indicated that equines are in contact and can attract phlebotomines, and highlight the necessity of a more accurate investigation on the role played by the horses living in endemic areas, in order to help to control the spread of the illness.

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Published
2012-12-11
How to Cite
Feitosa, F., Leal, J., Mendes, L. C., Peiró, J. R., Perri, S. H., Lima, V., & Marcondes, M. (2012). A seroepidemiological study of leishmaniasis in horses in the region from Araçatuba-SP, Brazil, an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 49(6), 500-502. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.v49i6p500-502
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PRELIMINARY NOTE