Embryotransfer in Simmental cows in northwest Paraná and South of Mato Grosso do Sul
AbstractSimmental cows from northwest of the Paraná State and south of Mato Grosso do Sul, were used. A superovulation of donors’ cows was induced with FSH, and for embryos inovulation in recipient cows, the surgical method was used. Hundred and three recovered ova were employed and 749 recipients cows were utilized. From 1014 recovered embryos, 81.8% were transferred and the remaining embryos were frozen or rejected. The number of embryos recovered per cow averaged 9.8 ± 6.6 and transferred 8.0, resulting in 3.8 pregnancies per recovery. There were 4.8% of recoveries without embryos and 1.9 % of unfertilized ova. Middle and larger Corpora lutea in the recipients cows, had a significant influence on the pregnancy rate in relation to the smaller (p<0.05) and 64.0% of recipients cows had the ovulation on the right ovary. The pregnancy rate relative to the estrus synchronization between donors and receptors cows was higher between days + 2 and -2 (p>;0.05) (the + sign indicates that the oestrus in the recipient started after that in the donor and vice versa), being very poor after this time. Embryos classified as very good and good and inovulated, influenced significantly the pregnancy rate. The general pregnancy rate was 47.0%.
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