Seasonality of ovarian characteristics and oocytes production in Bos indicus cattle in Mato Grosso do Sul
AbstractThe present study evaluated the effect of two seasons of the year (dry and rainy) on the ovarian characteristics of Bos indicus slaughter cows in Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Ovaries (n = 10) were collected on November and December of 1998 and from January to October of 1999. In the laboratory the ovaries were evaluated for weight (g), volume (Vol. (cm³) = 3/4 p x length /2 x width/2 x thickness/2), number of corpus luteum, number of follicles >; 9 mm of diameter, total number of follicles < 9 mm, number of oocytes viable and degenerated. The main effect of the season (dry or rainy) was estimated by analysis of variance (t test), for completely randomized design. Analysis of simple correlation (Sperman rank correlations) was performed among the variables studied, which were adjusted for the season effect. The results demonstrated that the effect of ovaries weight (5.1 x 6.5 g), total follicles (10.1 x 13.7), corpus luteum (0.32 x 0.47, p < 0.05) and the frequency of viable oocytes (19.6% x 35.6%) on the total oocytes recovered varied significantly (p < 0.01) between the dry and rainy season, respectively. Correlation analysis (r) showed significant coefficients (p < 0.01) between weight and volume of the ovaries (r = 0.78), weight and total follicles (r = 0.32), weight and corpus luteum (r = 0.41), total follicles and viable oocytes (r = 57), among others. It is concluded that important changes in ovarian function, based on the production and quality of oocytes, can be estimated between the dry and the rainy season. Therefore, based on those characteristics, the rainy season is the most appropriate for implantation of reproductive programs in commercial herds.
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