Retrospective survey of rabies in Paraíba State, Brazil, from 2004 to 2011

  • José Sóstenes Leite de Andrade Secretaria de Estado do Desenvolvimento da Agropecuária e da Pesca
  • Sérgio Santos de Azevedo Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Unidade Acadêmica de Medicina Veterinária do Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural
  • Ana Paula Peconick Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária
  • Stela Márcia Pereira Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária
  • Joziana Muniz de Barçante Universidade Federal de Lavras, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária
  • Ana Letícia Tôrres Vilar Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Unidade Acadêmica de Medicina Veterinária do Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural
  • Maria Luana Cristiny Rodrigues Silva Fundação de Doenças Tropicais Doutor Heitor Vieira Dourado, Gerência de Virologia
Keywords: rabies, epidemiology, control

Abstract

The aim of this work was to perform a retrospective study of rabies in herbivores in the state of Paraíba, Brazil, in order to evaluate epidemiological aspects of the disease from 2004 to 2011. Data on notification of rabies cases included in the Continental Epidemiological Surveillance System (SIVCONT) were used. During the study period samples from 17,454 animals from Brazil were sent to rabies diagnosis, from which 43 (0.25%) samples from the state of Paraiba, and all of them were positive for rabies. The frequency of rabies outbreaks by county ranged from 2.3% to 11.6%. The distribution of cases ranged according to species affected, with predominance in cattle (93%), followed by horses (4.7%) and one bat (2.3%) (p < 0.001). It was observed a predominance of positive cases when the notification was made by owners (53.5%), followed by others (39.5%) and surveillance (7%) (p = 0.001). Related to occurrence of outbreaks by month in all years of the study period, the frequencies ranged from 4.7% in August to 14% in April. It was found predominance of outbreaks in 2010 (41.9%), with significant differences among years (p < 0.001). In conclusion, it is suggested the adoption of strategic measures for the control of rabies and continuous surveillance of nervous diseases in herbivores in the state of Paraíba.

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Author Biography

Sérgio Santos de Azevedo, Universidade Federal de Campina Grande, Unidade Acadêmica de Medicina Veterinária do Centro de Saúde e Tecnologia Rural
Medicina Veterinária Preventiva, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: epidemiologia animal, zoonoses, fatores de risco.
Published
2014-12-16
How to Cite
Andrade, J., Azevedo, S., Peconick, A. P., Pereira, S., Barçante, J., Vilar, A. L., & Silva, M. (2014). Retrospective survey of rabies in Paraíba State, Brazil, from 2004 to 2011. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 51(3), 212-219. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.v51i3p212-219
Section
ARTICLES