Aging influence on roughness and color stability of encapsulated glass ionomer cements
Keywords:Color, Glass Ionomer Cement, Aging
Objective: To analyze effects of differents agings on the roughness and color of different encapsulated glass ionomer cements (GIC). Materials and methods: Two glass ionomer cements (Conventional/Self Cure (SC) and modified resin/Light Cure (LC)) and three aging (baseline, post-thermal cycling and post-thermal cycling + storage for 7 months). Fifty-two discs (n = 13) were made. The color stability was performed with spectrophotometers (VITA Easyshade and Konica Minolta CE3700A), and the roughness test with optical profilometer (Proscan 2100, Scantron). Results: The data were analyzed with two-way ANOVA and Tukey’s test (p < 0.05). The GICs presented statistically significancy when compared (p < 0.05), for roughness (SC = 0,202μm e LC = 0,241), the aging protocols tested promoted a significant change in surface roughness baseline = 0,278μm, post-cycling = 0,220μm and storage = 0,167μm and for the color (SC ΔE = 3,89 and LC ΔE = 4,94). However, the interaction between the factors was not statistically significant (p > 0.05). For ΔL*, Δa*, Δb*, there was a difference in the interaction of the factors, with a greater change in ΔL* for the GIC LC post-thermal cycling + storage). For Δa* there was a statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) between aging, being the higher alteration for the GIC LC group post-thermal cycling. Greater change in the b* coordinate was observed for the GIC LC post-thermal cycling + storage. Conclusions: The different GICs presented different surface roughness and color. The resin-modified GIC LC showed to be rougher when compared to the conventional GIC SC. However, both GICs became less rough over time. The post-thermal cycling + storage for 7 months was the aging protocol that most interfered in the roughness and color of different types of GICs.
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