Xerostomia in the older adult population, from diagnosis to treatment

a literature review

Authors

  • Wladimir Gushiken de Campos Universidade de São Paulo
  • Camilla Vieira Esteves Universidade de São Paulo
  • Kaisermann Costa Universidade de São Paulo
  • Ana Carolina Porrio de Andrade Universidade de São Paulo
  • Carina Domaneschi Universidade de São Paulo
  • Celso Augusto Lemos Universidade de São Paulo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2357-8041.clrd.2019.157759

Keywords:

Xerostomia, Dry mouth, Saliva

Abstract

Saliva is important for the preservation and maintenance of normal physiological conditions of oral tissues, and factors influencing its decrease are associated with the risk for oral diseases. Xerostomia is the subjective sensation of oral dryness, which can be influenced by etiological factors including the use of several types of medications, Sjogren’s and metabolic syndromes, head and neck irradiation, among others. Treatment methods for xerostomia vary and can be local or systemic. The aim of this article is to present the results of a literature review addressing the correlation between xerostomia and its incidence and prevalence in the older adult population. Results of this review highlight the importance of diagnosis and appropriate management, and briefly describe treatment modalities and etiological factors such as medications, Sjogren’s syndrome, metabolic syndrome, and head and neck irradiation.

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Author Biographies

Wladimir Gushiken de Campos, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Camilla Vieira Esteves, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Kaisermann Costa, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Ana Carolina Porrio de Andrade, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Dentistry, Hospital das Clínicas, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Carina Domaneschi, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Celso Augusto Lemos, Universidade de São Paulo

Department of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo (USP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

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Published

2019-12-04

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Section

Literature review