Dentinogenesis imperfecta type II
a case report of a 34-year follow-up
Keywords:Dentinogenesis Imperfecta, Early Diagnosis, Mouth Rehabilitation, Continuity of Patient Care
Dentinogenesis imperfecta (DI) is a hereditary developmental disorder of dentin formation that can occur associated with osteogenesis imperfecta (type I), isolated (type II), or in a specific isolated resident group of Brandywine, in southern Maryland (type III). This work aims at reporting a clinical case of DI type II in childhood with a 34-year follow up. The child at issue was taken to the dental health service at a very young age, which favored an appropriate treatment, avoiding complications, and portending a favorable long-term prognosis, besides safeguarding the patient physical and mental well-being. The clinical aspects of this condition are teeth with short crowns and gray-brown coloration, and an altered consistency of affected dental elements. Radiographically, the teeth present bulbous crowns, cervical constriction, thin roots, and early obliteration of the root canal and pulp chambers due to excessive dentin production. Rehabilitation treatment included the use of stainless-steel crowns for reconstructing deciduous molars and composite resin restorations on the anterior deciduous teeth. As for permanent dentition, it consisted of aesthetic-functional rehabilitation using metal crowns on the first molars and ceramic crowns and facets on the anterior teeth. Endodontic, prosthetic and restorative treatment was performed on other posterior teeth. Preventive measures were instituted. DI may cause serious changes in dentin structure, affecting function and aesthetics in both dentitions. The sooner it is administered, the more promising the multidisciplinary dental treatment will be in promoting health and minimizing damage to affected individuals.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Heloisa Aparecida Orsini Vieira, DDS, Aldevina Campos de Freitas, PhD, Regina Maura Fernandes, PhD, Daniele Lucca Longo, PhD, Raquel Assed Bezerra da Silva, PhD, Mariana de Oliveira Daltoé, MSc, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz, PhD, Paulo Nelson Filho, PhD
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