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Tecnologías de gobierno en la formación de profesionales de la salud en una universidad tradicional

Jimena Carrasco-Madariaga, Marcela Apablaza-Santis


Since the 1980s, the Chilean higher education system has undergone successive transformations oriented by conceptions about the social issue and subjects. These transformations have avoided citizens’ debate by being presented as the result of technical decisions that are the concern of experts only. In this paper, we propose to analyze these processes of reform in relation to the training of professionals of a health career in Chile from a critical approach, to promote greater room for debate. We have used the governmentality framework to guide a case study about a health career in a traditional Chilean University. Government logics and technologies are analyzed at different levels, such as the legal frameworks of the reforms, the guidelines of the university, the instruments of control over the professors’ work, among others. The results expose how different technologies have transformed the academic profession and professional training, coherently with a neoliberal government mentality. It is concluded that, based on a strong market logic, the new models of higher education are transforming the processes of subjectivation of scholars and students, without promoting the discussion about the model of subject and society that these reforms foster.


Government technologies; Governmentality; Higher education; Chile; Neoliberalism

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1517-9702201707162693

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Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.