How rude can Socrates be? A note on Phaedrus 228a5-b6
AbstractIn Phaedrus 228a5-6, Socrates recollects what Phaedrus has just said about his meeting with Lysias. In this passage, 228b5 εἰ μὴ πάνυ τι ἦν μακρός is traditionally read as an independent sentence, saying that Phaedrus is able to learn by heart a discourse unless it is not a bit too long. So read it would make Socrates behave in a rude way, as he gratuitously reminds us that Phaedrus’ ability to retain discourses is pretty limited. But when εἰ μή is governed by a swearing such as 228b4 νὴ τὸν κύνα, it has emphatic force, meaning, in this case, that Lysias’ discourse was in fact a bit too long. When the sentence is read according to this syntactical device, Socrates is not at all rude towards his friend Phaedrus; he is just teasing him and mocking rhetorical techniques in passing.
Allen, R. E. 1991. The Symposium. Yale University Press.
Austin, C & Douglas Olson, S. 2004. Aristophanes Thesmophoriazusae, Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9781139629386
Bury, R. G. 1932. The Symposium of Plato. Cambridge University Press.
Cavalcante de Souza, J. 1966. O Banquete. Difusão Européia do Livro.
Dodds, E. R. 1959. Plato Gorgias. Oxford University Press.
Dover, K. 1980. Plato Symposium, Cambridge University Press.
Francalanci, C. 2005. Amor, Discurso, Verdade – uma interpretação do
Symposium de Platão. Editora da Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo.
Hackforth, R. 1952. Plato’s Phaedrus. Cambridge University Press.
Nehamas, A. &Woodruff, P. 1995. Phaedrus. Hackett PublishingCompany.
Rowe, C. J. 1986. Plato Phaedrus. Aris & Phillips Classical Texts.
Santa Cruz, M. & Crespo, M. 2007. Fedro. Editorial Losada.
Vries, G. J. de. 1969. A Commentary on the Phaedrus of Plato. Amsterdam.
Yunis, H. 2011. Plato Phaedrus. Cambridge University Press.
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC By 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).