The metaphysical “monistic” approach of the Platonic Timaeus by the Neo-Platonist Proclus

  • Christos Terezis University of Patras
  • Lydia Petridou Hellenic Open University
Keywords: Proclus, Plato, Timaeus

Abstract

In this article, we focus on Proclus' commentary on Plato's Timaeus (30a3-6) about how the divine Demiurge intervenes in matter. It is an interesting extract due to the fact that Proclus manages to combine philosophical perspective with theological interpretation and scientific analysis. In the six chapters of the article, we present the theory on dualism established by the representatives of Middle Platonism, we approach the question of the production of the corporeal hypostases, we examine limit and unlimited as productive powers, we explain production in the sense of co-production as well as why matter without qualities is excluded from the entire procedure, and we discuss the principle of the supremacy of the supreme Principle. The most important conclusion drawn according to Proclus, who adopts moderate skepticism, is that, although in his early dialogues Plato tends to dualism, he does this for methodological purposes, for Plato's views are actually connected with ontological monism.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Baltzly, Dirk (2007) Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Timaeus: Proclus on the World Body, v.3, b.3, Cambridge.

Bastid, Paul (1969) Proclus et le crépuscule de la pensée grecque, Paris.

Beierwaltes, Werner (1979) Proklos, Grundzüge seiner Metaphysik, Frankfurt am Main.

Breton, Stanislas (1969) Philosophie et Mathématique chez Proclus, Paris.

Cherniss, Harold Fredrik (1994) Aristotle's Criticism of Plato and the Academy, Baltimore.

Butorac, David & Layne, Danielle (2017) Proclus and his Legacy, Berlin - Boston.

Dillon, John & O'Meara, Dominique (2006) Syrianus: On Aristotle Metaphysics 13-14, London-New York.

Dodds, Eric Robertson (1933) Proclus: The Elements of Theology, Oxford.

Festugière, André-Jean (1990) La Révélation d'Hermès Trismégiste, Paris.

Gersh, Stephen (1978) From Iamblichus to Eriugena: An Investigation of the Prehistory and Evolution of the Pseudo-Dionysian Tradition, Leiden.

Kojève, Alexandre (1973) Essai d'une histoire raisonnée de la philosophie païenne, vol. III, Paris.

Moreau, Joseph (1965) L'âme du monde de Platon aux Stoïciens, Hildescheim.

Moutsopoloulos, Evanghelos (1985) Les structures de l'imaginaire dans la philosophie de Proclus, Paris.

Moutsopoulos, Evanghelos (1982) "La structure de l'espace chez Proclus", in Revue Philosophique 107 : 419-433.

Rosán, Laurence Jay (1949) The philosophy of Proclus. The Final phase of Ancient Thought, New York.

Runia, David Theunis & Share, Michael (2008) Proclus: Commentary on Plato's Timaeus, II, Book 2: Proclus on the Causes of the Cosmos and its Creation, New York.

Saffrey, Henri-Dominique & Westerink, Leendert Gerrit (1978) Proclus: Théologie Platonicienne III, Paris.

Saffrey, Henri-Dominique (1990) Recherches sur le Néoplatonisme après Plotin, Paris.

Share, Michael (2005) Philoponus: Against Proclus on the Eternity of the World 6-8, v.2, London-New York.

Siorvanes, Lucas (1996) Proclus, Neo-Platonic Philosophy and Science, Edinburgh.

Smith, Andrew (2000) "Porphyre and the Platonic Theology", in A. Ph. Segonds and C. Steel, Proclus et la Théologie Platonicienne, Paris 2000 : 177-188.

Steel, Carlos (1987) "Proclus et Aristote sur la causalité efficiente de l'intellect divin", in J. Pépin & H. D. Saffrey (eds.), Proclus, lecteur et interprète des anciens, Paris 1987 : 213-225.

Trouillard, Jean (1972) L'Un et l'âme selon Proclos, Paris.

Trouillard, Jean (1977) "Les degrés du ποιεΐν chez Proclos", in: Dionysius 1 : 69-84. Trouillard, Jean (1982) La mystagogie de Proclos, Paris.

Waterfield, Robin & Gregory, Alex (2008) Plato: Timaeus and Critias, Oxford-New York.

Westerink, Leendert Gerrit & Combès, Joshua (1989) Traité des premiers principes: De la triade et de l'unifié, v.II, Paris.

Wilberding, James (2006) Philoponus: Against Proclus on the Eternity of the World 12-18, v.3, London-New York.

Published
2020-05-22
How to Cite
Terezis, C., & Petridou, L. (2020). The metaphysical “monistic” approach of the Platonic Timaeus by the Neo-Platonist Proclus. Journal of Ancient Philosophy, 14(1), 116-160. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1981-9471.v14i1p116-160
Section
Articles