Oral health-related quality of life of children with oral clefts and their families

  • Gabriela Mendonça Rando Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru
  • Paula Karine Jorge Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Odontopediatria, Ortodontia e Saúde Coletiva
  • Luciana Lourenço Ribeiro Vitor Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Odontopediatria, Ortodontia e Saúde Coletiva
  • Cleide Felício Carvalho Carrara Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Odontopediatria, Ortodontia e Saúde Coletiva; Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais
  • Simone Soares Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais, Departamento de Prótese
  • Thiago Cruvinel Silva Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Odontopediatria, Ortodontia e Saúde Coletiva
  • Daniela Rios Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Odontopediatria, Ortodontia e Saúde Coletiva
  • Maria Aparecida Andrade Moreira Machado Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Odontopediatria, Ortodontia e Saúde Coletiva
  • Maria Beatriz Gavião Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Faculdade de Odontologia de Piracicaba; Departamento de Odontopediatria
  • Thais Marchini Oliveira Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Odontopediatria, Ortodontia e Saúde Coletiva; Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais
Keywords: Quality of life, Oral health, Questionnaires, Cleft lip, Cleft palate

Abstract

Abstract Oral health problems can influence people's Quality of Life (QoL) because of pain, discomfort, limitations, and other esthetics problems, affecting their social life, feeding, daily activities, and the individual's well-being. Objective: To compare oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of children with and without oral clefts and their families. Materials and Methods: 121 children aged from 2 to 6 years, from both sexes, enrolled in the treatment routine of the Pediatric Dentistry Clinics of a Dental School and a Hospital for Cleft Treatment were divided into two groups: Group 1 - children with cleft lip and palate; Group 2 - children without cleft lip and palate. The OHRQoL was assessed using the validated Portuguese version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS). The questionnaire was answered individually, only once, at a private place. Mann-Whitney U test was used to verify differences between groups. Spearman's Rho test was used to associate sex and age with quality of life. The level of significance was set at 5% (p<0.05). Results: According to the parents’ perception on the OHRQoL of children with and without cleft lip and palate, oral health of children with oral clefts (Group 1) had a statistically significant impact on OHRQoL. The correlation of sex with impact on OHRQoL did not show statistically significant differences. On the other hand, the higher the age the higher the impact on QoL. Conclusions: The group comparison revealed that the cleft lip and palate negatively impacted on OHRQoL of 2 to 6-year-old children and their parents.

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Published
2018-01-01
Section
Original Articles