Analysis of the antimicrobial and anti-caries effects of TiF4 varnish under microcosm biofilm formed on enamel

  • Beatriz Martines de Souza Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Ciências Biológicas
  • Constantino Fernandes Neto Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Ciências Biológicas
  • Priscila Maria Aranda Salomão Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Ciências Biológicas
  • Layla Reginna Silva Munhoz de Vasconcelos Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Dentística, Endodontia e Materiais Odontológicos
  • Flaviana Bombarda de Andrade Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Dentística, Endodontia e Materiais Odontológicos
  • Ana Carolina Magalhães Universidade de São Paulo; Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru; Departamento de Ciências Biológicas
Keywords: Dental biofilm, Enamel caries, Fluoride, Titanium, Varnish

Abstract

Titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) is known for interacting with enamel reducing demineralization. However, no information is available about its potential antimicrobial effect. Objectives This study evaluated the antimicrobial and anti-caries potential of TiF4 varnish compared to NaF varnish, chlorhexidine gel (positive control), placebo varnish and untreated (negative controls) using a dental microcosm biofilm model. Material and Methods A microcosm biofilm was produced on bovine enamel previously treated with the varnishes, using inoculum from human saliva mixed with McBain saliva, under 0.2% sucrose exposure, for 14 days. All experiments were performed in biological triplicate (n=4/group in each experiment). Factors evaluated were: bacterial viability (% dead and live bacteria); CFU counting (log10 CFU/mL); and enamel demineralization (transverse microradiography – TMR). Data were analysed using ANOVA/Tukey's test or Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn's test (p<0.05). Results Only chlorhexidine significantly increased the number of dead bacteria (68.8±13.1% dead bacteria) compared to untreated control (48.9±16.1% dead bacteria). No treatment reduced the CFU counting (total microorganism and total streptococci) compared to the negative controls. Only TiF4 was able to reduce enamel demineralization (ΔZ 1110.7±803.2 vol% μm) compared to both negative controls (untreated: ΔZ 4455.3±1176.4 vol% μm). Conclusions TiF4 varnish has no relevant antimicrobial effect. Nevertheless, TiF4 varnish was effective in reducing enamel demineralization under this model.

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Published
2018-01-01
Section
Original Articles