Portal da USP Portal da USP Portal da USP

Maturational stages: comparison of growth and physical capacity indicators in adolescents

Vanessa Carla Monteiro Pinto, Petrus Gantois Massa Dias dos Santos, Rafaela Catherine da Silva Cunha de Medeiros, Francisco Emílio Simplício Souza, Thaisys Blanc dos Santos Simões, Renata Poliane Nacer de Carvalho Dantas, Breno Guilherme de Araújo Tinôco Cabral

Resumo


Introduction: The identification of physical capacity is an important marker related to healthy behavior during childhood and adolescence, in which some factors appear to contribute to motor performance such as maturation and hormonal levels.

Objective: To compare growth indicators, physical capacity and hormonal markers according to gender and maturational stage in adolescents.

Methods: Eighty-nine adolescents of both genders aged 10-13 years participated in the study. Sexual maturation was evaluated using the Tanner’s self-evaluation method. Physical capacity (explosive strength of upper and lower limbs, upper limb velocity and agility) and hormonal markers (testosterone and estradiol) were evaluated through the chemiluminescence method.

Results: In the comparison by gender, girls had higher weight (p = 0.023), height (p = 0.018) and fat percentage values (p = 0.001), while boys presented better motor performance for the explosive strength of upper limbs (p = 0.005) and lower limbs (p = 0.011), agility (0.018) and upper limb velocity (p = 0.014). Regarding maturational stage, boys did not present differences in any variable analyzed; (Stage V versus I), height (stage III, IV and V versus I) and upper limb explosive strength (stage III and IV versus I).

Conclusion: Growth, weight and height, as well as explosive strength of upper limbs were higher in girls at more advanced maturational stages and appear to be gender dependent.



Palavras-chave


testosterone, estradiol, muscle strength, physical aptitude

Texto completo:

PDF (English) PDF

Referências


Vedul-Kjelsås V, Sigmundsson H, Stensdotter AK, Haga M. The relationship between motor competence, physical fitness and self-perception in children. Child Care Health Dev. 2012;38(3):394-402. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2214.2011.01275

Spessato BC, Gabbard C, Valentini N, Rudisill M. Gender differences in Brazilian children’s fundamental movement skill performance. Early Child Dev Care. 2013;183(7):916-23. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2012.689761

Vandorpe B, Vandendriessche J, Lefevre J, Pion J, Vaeyens R, Matthys S, et al. The KörperkoordinationsTest für Kinder: Reference values and suitability for 6-12-year-old children in Flanders. Scand J Med Sci Sport. 2011;21(3):378-88. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01067

Gouvea M, Cyrino ES, Ribeiro AS, Silva DRP, Ohara D, Valente-Dos-Santos J, et al. Influence of skeletal maturity on size, function and sport-specific technical skills in youth soccer players. Int J Sports Med. 2016;37(6):464-9. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-0035-1569370

Gantois P, Pinto VCM, Castro KR, João PV, Dantas PMS, Cabral BGAT. Skeletal age and explosive strength in young volleyball players. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum. 2017;17(3):331-42. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2017v19n3p331

Vidal-Linhares R, Barros-Costa M, Fernandes Filho J. A influência do desenvolvimento sexual sobre as qualidades físicas básicas de meninos adolescentes. Rev Salud Pública. 2015;17(4):489-99. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15446/rsap.v17n4.30832

Lefevre J, Beunen G, Steens G, Claessens A, Renson R. Motor performance during adolescence and age thirty as related to age at peak height velocity. Ann Hum Biol. 1990;17(5):423-35.

Rodrigues Junior MA, Agostinete RR, Marco RL, Ito IH, Santos MRR, Fernandes RA. Ganho de densidade mineral óssea relacionado à prática de basquetebol em meninos: estudo de coorte. J Hum Growth Dev. 2017;27(1):71-6. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7322/jhgd.127655

Malina RM, Rogol AD, Cumming SP, Silva MJC, Figueiredo AJ. Biological maturation of youth athletes: assessment and implications. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(13):852-9. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-094623

Azevedo JCV, Brasil LMP, Macedo TBMA, Pedrosa LFC, Arrais RF. Comparison between objective assessment and self-assessment of sexual maturation in children and adolescents. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2009;85(2):135-42. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.1875

Baldari C, Di Luigi L, Emerenziani GP, Gallotta MC, Sgrò P, Guidetti L. Is explosive performance influenced by androgen concentrations in young male soccer players? Br J Sports Med. 2009;43(3):191-4. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2007.040386

Lowe DA, Baltgalvis KA, Greising SM. Mechanisms behind estrogen’s beneficial effect on muscle strength in females. Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2010;38(2):61-7. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/JES.0b013e3181d496bc

Slaughter M, Lohman T, Boileau R, Horswill C, Stillman RJ, Van Loan MD, et al. Skinfold equations for estimation of body fatness in children and youth. Hum Biol. 1988;60(5);709-23.

Tanner J. Growth at adolescence. 2nd ed. Thomas: Springfield; 1962.

Duke PM, Litt IF, Gross RT. Adolescent self-assessment of sexual maturation. Pediatrics. 1980;66(6):918-20.

Komi P V, Bosco C. Utilization of stored elastic energy in leg extensor muscles by men and women. Med Sci Sports. 1978;10(4):261-5. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00140137208924444

Gaya A, Silva G. Projeto Esporte Brasil PROESP: Manual de aplicação de medidas e testes, normas e critérios de avaliação. PROESP; 2007.

Council of Europe. Committee of Experts on Sports Research. Eurofit: handbook for the Eurofit tests of physical fitness. 2nd ed. Strasbourg: 1993.

Marins, JCB, Giannichi RS. Avaliação e prescrição de atividade física: guia prático. 3ed. Rio de Janeiro: Shape, 2003.

Buligin MA. Models for improving a volleyballer’s physical qualities. Sov Sport Rev. 1981;16:43-45.

Rogol AD, Roemmich JN, Clark PA. Growth at puberty. J Adolesc Health. 2002;31(6 Suppl):192-200.

Silva DAS, Pelegrini A, Petroski EL, Gaya ACA. Comparison between the growth of Brazilian children and adolescents and the reference growth charts: data from a Brazilian project. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2010;86(2):115-20. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2223/JPED.197523

Garcés C, Oya I, López-Simón L, Cano B, Schoppen S, Gil A, et al. Hormone levels in 12- to 15-year-old boys and girls in Spain and their relationship with anthropometric variables. Clin Biochem. 2008;41(7-8):621-4. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2008.01.003

Goswami B, Singha Roy A, Dalui R, Bandyopadhyay A. Impact of pubertal growth on physical fitness. Am J Sport Sci Med. 2014;2(5A):34-9. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12691/ajssm-2-5A-8

Pinto VCM, Santos PGMD, Dantas MP, Araújo JPF, Cabral SAT, Cabral BGAT. Relationship between bone age, hormonal markers and physical capacity in adolescents. J Hum Growth Dev. 2017;27(1):77-83. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7322/jhgd.127658

Fidelix YL, Minatto G, Ribeiro RR, Santos KD, Petroski EL. Dados sociodemográficos, estado nutricional e maturação sexual de escolares do sexo masculino: Exposição à insatisfação com a imagem corporal. Rev da Educ Fis. 2013;24(1):83-92. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/reveducfis.v24.1.17353

Zhai L, Liu J, Zhao J, Liu J, Bai Y, Jia L, et al. Association of Obesity with Onset of Puberty and Sex Hormones in Chinese Girls: A 4-Year Longitudinal Study. PLoS One. 2015;10(8):e0134656. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134656

Silva DAS, Oliveira ACC. Impacto da maturação sexual na força de membros superiores e inferiores em adolescentes. Rev Bras Cineantropometria e Desempenho Hum. 2010;12(3):144-50. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1980-0037.2010v12n3p144

Quatman CE, Ford KR, Myer GD, Hewett TE. Maturation leads to gender differences in landing force and vertical jump performance: a longitudinal study. Am J Sports Med. 2006;34(5):806-13. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0363546505281916

Stojanović E, Ristić V, McMaster DT, Milanović Z. Effect of plyometric training on vertical jump performance in female athletes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sport Med. 2017;47(5):975-86. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s40279-016-0634-6




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7322/jhgd.127411

Métricas do Artigo

Carregando métricas...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Apontamentos

  • Não há apontamentos.