Neuropsychomotor development characteristics of the infants who born from women who abused drugs during pregnancy

  • Roberta Elian de Lima Fisioterapeuta, Programa de Residência em Área Profissional da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais
  • Andrezza Aparecida Aleixo Fisioterapeuta, Hospital de Clínicas, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, Brasil.
  • Lúcio Borges Araújo Estatístico, Centro de Ciências Exatas e Tecnologia, Faculdade de Matemática. Universidade Federal de Uberlândia. Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, MG
  • Camila Piqui Nascimento Enfermeira, Pesquisadora em Saúde Coletiva, Mestranda do Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais
  • Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo Fisioterapeuta, Doutora, Docente do Curso de Fisioterapia, Faculdade de Educação Física e Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais
Palavras-chave: street drugs, infants, child development, pregnant women

Resumo

Introduction: The use of street drugs during pregnancy, due to their deleterious effects on the health of the infant, may have clinical implications for neuropsychomotor development.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics of the neuropsychomotor development of infants born from women who used street drugs during pregnancy.

Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out. A total of 51 medical records of infants weighing less than 1.500 grams, who were born in the Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (HC/UFU), Minas Gerais, Brazil, from January 2014 to December 2015 were analysed. Using the Development Screening test Denver II at 6 or 9 months of corrected age performed the neuropsychomotor development evaluation. Statistical analysis included quantitative variables that were described by means of average, medians and standard deviation. Groups were compared by the t test or Mann-Whitney test. The associations of the qualitative variables were evaluated by means of the likelihood ratio test.

Results: Of the 51 records analysed, 39.2% belong to the group of children of mothers who used street drugs and 60.8% belong to the group of children of nonuser mothers. The neuropsychomotor development was predominantly abnormal and with a significant difference in the general performance classification (p<0.001) and, specifically, in the coarse motor area (p = 0.003) in the group of infants born to mothers who used street drugs.

Conclusion: Infants of mothers who used street drugs had a greater delay in neuropsychomotor development.


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Publicado
2018-03-12
Seção
Artigos Originais