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Neuropsychomotor development characteristics of the infants who born from women who abused drugs during pregnancy

Roberta Elian de Lima, Andrezza Aparecida Aleixo, Lúcio Borges Araújo, Camila Piqui Nascimento, Vivian Mara Gonçalves de Oliveira Azevedo

Resumo


Introduction: The use of street drugs during pregnancy, due to their deleterious effects on the health of the infant, may have clinical implications for neuropsychomotor development.

Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the characteristics of the neuropsychomotor development of infants born from women who used street drugs during pregnancy.

Methods: A cross-sectional retrospective study was carried out. A total of 51 medical records of infants weighing less than 1.500 grams, who were born in the Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Uberlândia (HC/UFU), Minas Gerais, Brazil, from January 2014 to December 2015 were analysed. Using the Development Screening test Denver II at 6 or 9 months of corrected age performed the neuropsychomotor development evaluation. Statistical analysis included quantitative variables that were described by means of average, medians and standard deviation. Groups were compared by the t test or Mann-Whitney test. The associations of the qualitative variables were evaluated by means of the likelihood ratio test.

Results: Of the 51 records analysed, 39.2% belong to the group of children of mothers who used street drugs and 60.8% belong to the group of children of nonuser mothers. The neuropsychomotor development was predominantly abnormal and with a significant difference in the general performance classification (p<0.001) and, specifically, in the coarse motor area (p = 0.003) in the group of infants born to mothers who used street drugs.

Conclusion: Infants of mothers who used street drugs had a greater delay in neuropsychomotor development.



Palavras-chave


street drugs, infants, child development, pregnant women

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7322/jhgd.134374

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