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Juridical perspectives of interruption of pregnancy with zika virus infection regarding medical, emotional and social consequences

Ana Rita Souza Prata, Daniela Pedroso, Greice Menezes, Jefferson Drezett, José Henrique Rodrigues Torres, José Ruben de Alcântara Bonfim, Leila Adesse, Maria Elisa dos Santos Braga, Monica Kulcsar, Roberto Luiz Corcioli Filho, Thomaz Rafael Gollop, Yasmin Oliveira Mercadante Pestana

Resumo


Introduction: The Zika virus was identified in 1947 in Rhesus monkeys in the Republic of Uganda and isolated in humans in 1952 in the same country. Up to 2007 there were few cases of human infection in African and Asian countries. The first outbreak of the Zika virus occurred in Brazil in 2015, becoming a serious public health problem due to the increase in the number of cases of microcephaly in infected pregnant women.

Objective: To describe the legal abortion at Zika virus infection during pregnancy regarding medical, emotional and social consequences. perspectives of abortion for the pregnant woman with Zika virus regarding the medical, emotional and social consequences.

Methods: This is a documentary study based on documents about abortion and its outcomes in Brazil. Technical norms, textbooks, indexed articles of Scopus and PubMed, documents extracted from international human rights treaties and conventions, and legal documents on the subject were used. It was decided to direct the text based on the experiences of each theme on abortion and its outcomes in Brazil, with a synthesis of the current scenario.

 

Results: Recognizing the exceptional nature of this situation, it is sought to confer an interpretation according to the Constitution and Article 128 of the Criminal Code, based on an analogical application, which seeks to protect the physical and mental health of women infected by the Zika virus. It is possible to qualify the practice of abortion in these circumstances as atypical conduct by the state of necessity, excluding the unlawfulness by comparing with articles 23, I and 24 of the Penal Code.

 

Conclusion: Authorizing the termination of pregnancy after diagnosis of the virus Zika guarantees women the free exercise of their reproductive rights, which is not confused with state imposition of abortion or eugenic practice.

 


Palavras-chave


Zika virus infection, foetal diseases, microcephaly,

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7322/jhgd.143875

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