Mudanças climáticas e a construção de cisternas micênicas (1300 a.C.-1200 a.C.)

Autores

  • Gustavo Jorge Peloso Peixoto Universidade de São Paulo. Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia da USP (MAE/USP)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2177-4218.v11i1p351-376

Palavras-chave:

Mediterrâneo, mudanças climáticas, paleoclima, micênicos, cisternas

Resumo

Esse artigo aborda a discussão de dados paleoclimáticos no tocante ao final da Idade do Bronze (1300 a.C.-1200 a.C) no Mar Mediterrâneo e sua possível relação com o surgimento de estruturas de captação subterrânea de água (syrinx) em cidadelas micênicas da Argólida. Os dados paleoclimáticos têm sugerido que houve uma diminuição na temperatura desse mar e um consequente período de estiagem. Com base na discussão dos dados paleoclimáticos, vestígios arqueológicos e fontes escritas que tratam da diplomacia no período, analisaremos o modo pelo qual a instabilidade geopolítica e a estiagem podem ter motivado a construção de cisternas subterrâneas em cidadelas micênicas na Argólida.

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Biografia do Autor

Gustavo Jorge Peloso Peixoto, Universidade de São Paulo. Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia da USP (MAE/USP)

Mestrando em Arqueologia pelo Museu de Arqueologia e Etnologia da USP (MAE/USP), Brasil, sob a orientação da Prof.ª Dr.ª Maria Cristina Kormikiari Passos. Membro do Labeca, Laboratório de estudos sobre a cidade antiga (www.labeca.mae.usp.br). Apoio e financiamento do CNPq.

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Publicado

2020-09-28

Como Citar

Peixoto, G. J. P. (2020). Mudanças climáticas e a construção de cisternas micênicas (1300 a.C.-1200 a.C.). Mare Nostrum, 11(1), 351-376. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2177-4218.v11i1p351-376

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