The introduction of film subtitling in Brazil

  • Rafael de Luna Freire Universidade Federal Fluminense
Keywords: Silent cinema, sound cinema, film distribution, subtitling, dubbing


The conversion to sound cinema in Brazil beginning in the late 1920’s can be best defined as the systematic adoption of mechanic and synchronized sound film projection as the standard practice in the national theatrical exhibition circuit. This process was not short nor simple, but long and complex, resulting also in changes in the way imported film copies were distributed and exhibited in Brazil. The paper analyzes, through research in the contemporary press, as film subtitling was introduced and consolidated amid numerous procedures that were tried to present in an understandable and appealing way to the Brazilian public movies originally spoken in English.


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Author Biography

Rafael de Luna Freire, Universidade Federal Fluminense
Professor de História do Cinema Brasileiro no Departamento de Cinema e Vídeo da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF) e do Programa de PósGraduação em Comunicação da UFF. Seu último livro é Cinematographo em Nictheroy: história das salas de cinema de Niterói (2012)
How to Cite
Freire, R. (2015). The introduction of film subtitling in Brazil. MATRIZes, 9(1), 187-211.
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