The symbolism of proustian analogy

Palavras-chave: Metaphor, Symbolism, The implicit, Figure, Analogy

Resumo

The figures of analogy in Search of Lost Time by Marcel Proust supports the implicit symbolism and what is unexpressed in its literal sense. Proustian writing indeed uses metaphors referring to animal kingdom to describe aristocrats’ mediocrity and nonsense and European high society lifestyle. While the subject of the metaphor symbolizes an aristocrat, the phore of the same figure refers to an animal and thus invites the reader to decipher intentions implied on the text. Thanks to the grouping of the identified animal figures, we have found that implied criticism of aristocrats and the great bourgeois is done by a matching with the bodies of animals, parts of their bodies or their gesture. The symbolism of these figures allows to convey a hidden thought in the text that might be Proust’s himself who once lived and admired the large aristocratic receptions before he decided to withdraw from this world and devote himself to the achievement of his work.

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Biografia do Autor

Mouad Adham, Université Cadi Ayyad de Marrakech. Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines

Université Cadi Ayyad de Marrakech, Faculté des Lettres et des Sciences Humaines- FLSH de Marrakech. Docteur et Professeur Assistant.

Referências

Beauchamp, Louis de. Le petit groupe et le grand monde de Marcel Proust, Editions Nizet, Paris, 2000.
Deleuze, Gilles. Proust et les signes, Presses Universitaires de France, collection « Quadrige », Paris, 1998.
Mansfield, Lester. Le comique de Marcel Proust : Proust et Baudelaire, librairie Nizet, Paris, 1953.
Perelman, Chaïm ; Olbrechts-Tyteca, Lucie. Traité de l’argumentation. La nouvelle rhétorique, Éditions de l’Université de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, 1992.
Proust, Marcel. A la recherche du temps perdu, Paris, Editions Gallimard, Bibliothèque de la Pléiade (Sous la direction de Jean-Yves Tadié), 1999.
Proust, Marcel. Ecrits sur l’art, Paris, Editions Flammarion (Edition et choix des textes, présentation, notes, chronologie, bibliographie et index par Jérôme Picon), 2009.
Rastier, François, Sémantique interprétative, Paris : Presses Universitaires de France, 1987.
Tamba-Mecz, Irène. Le sens figuré, Presses Universitaires de France, 1981.
Publicado
2018-06-30
Como Citar
Adham, M. (2018). The symbolism of proustian analogy. Non Plus, 7(13), 61-78. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2316-3976.v7i13p61-78
Seção
ESTUDOS LITERÁRIOS