Biopsychosocial risks to development in preterm children with low birth weight
AbstractPrematurity (PT) and low birth weight (LBW) are risk factors for development, as well as psychosocial variables. These relationships were studied in 40 children PTLBW between 12-36 months old, assessed by the Bayley-III Screening Test (BSID-III), and their parents who answered the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL 1½-5 years old) and the interview for identification of biopsychosocial risks. In addition, medical records were consulted. Higher risk frequencies were found for developmental problems in cognitive and expressive language areas. Correlations are highlighted between perinatal conditions and developmental problems; severe psychosocial risk and receptive language and behavioral problems, and between these risks and expressive language and cognition. The results confirmed the need to monitor the development of these children, through assessment activities, early simulation and family care.
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