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Scientometrics: the measurement of science

José Aparecido da Silva, Maria de Lourdes Pires Bianchi

Abstract


Scientometrics is defined as the study of the measurement and quantification of scientific and technological progress and much the research is bibliometric in nature. Scientometric has a wide potential applicability. Government and research institutions have expressed interest in applying this knowledge of scientific growth to the management of science.. Ultimately, scientometrics may be used to help nations make decisions on what areas of research need funding. The citation analyses have become an increasingly significant source of information for historians, sociologists, and other researchers studying the evolution of science. This article focuses on how citation indexes make it possible to trace the background and development of discoveries as well as to assess the credit that publishing scientists assign to particular discoverers. This kind of analysis complements the opinions and judgments of experts (peer review), thus providing objective and useful tools for evaluating the results of scientific activity.

Keywords


Bibliometric indices;citation analysis;scientific activity;Journal Citation Report;Impact Factor



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-863X2001000200002

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