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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The manuscript should be sent only in ENGLISH.
  • The contribution is original and unpublished, and is not being evaluated for publication by another journal; otherwise, it must be justified in “Comments to the Editor”.
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word or Rich Text File document file format.
  • URLs for references were informed when possible.
  • The text is double-spaced; uses a 11-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. The figures will also be submitted in separate files, observing the provisions of the Author Guidelines.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in “About the Journal”.
  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • An authors’ contributions statement must be included in a section at the end of the article. The statement has to include the individual contribution of each author.
  • Authors declare that there is no conflict of interest; otherwise, it must be specified in “Comments to the Editor”.

Author Guidelines

SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPTS

IMPORTANT: You must correctly complete all fields for each AUTHOR: Name, Middle Name, Last Name, Email, ORCID (if there is), URL (if there is), Institution/Affiliation, Country, and Biography Summary.

The fields for the manuscript should also be filled with the information: Title, Abstract, Area and Sub-Area of Knowledge, Keywords, Language, and Development Agencies.

  • Manuscripts should be sent in the format “.DOCX” or “.RTF” to the portal specific submission of each journal, along with a submission letter explaining the importance and originality of the study.
  • All submissions are performed through the “Portal de Revistas da USP”.
  • Pictures, graphics and illustrations even inserted in the text must necessarily be sent in separate files, in the original format in which they were created.
  • The files must be sent in separate files formats: “.PSD”, “.TIF”, “.JPG” “.PCX”, “.GIF” or “.BMP” for figures; “.EPS”, “.CDR”, “.WMF”, “.AI”, “.PPTX” or “.XLSX” for graphics and “.MOV”, “.AVI”, “.MPG”, “.MP4” or “.M4V” for videos.
  • Tables should be placed at the end of the manuscript.
  • Always keep updated the email and the address of the author(s) or corresponding.
  • Authors may suggest potential reviewers.

AUTHORS WHOSE NATIVE LANGUAGE IS NOT ENGLISH ARE ENCOURAGED TO HAVE THEIR MANUSCRIPTS REVISED BY A NATIVE ENGLISH-SPEAKING BEFORE SUBMISSION.

MANUSCRIPT FORMAT

  • The manuscripts must be double-spaced between lines, justified text, and Calibri font, body 11 (eleven) (except for special symbols not included in this font).
  • The text should be organized in the following sections, each started on a new page, in the order, and numbered consecutively: Title Page, Abstract with Keywords, Body Text, Acknowledgments, References, Appendices, Tables, and Figure Legends.
  1. Title Page: Should include the Title, Running Title, Author(s) Name(s), Institution(s), and Address(es). The title should be concise and, where appropriate, should include particulars about families and/or taxa of higher categories. New taxa names should not be included in the titles.
  2. Abstracts: All papers should have an abstract and keywords in English. The quality of the abstract is of great importance since it can be reproduced in other vehicles. Therefore, must be written in intelligible form as it may be published separately, and should summarize the main facts, ideas and conclusions of the article. Telegraphic abstracts are unacceptable. Finally, the abstract should include all new taxonomic names for reference purposes. Abbreviations should be avoided. It should not include bibliographical references. Abstracts and keywords must not exceed 350 (three hundred and fifty) and 5 (five) words, respectively.
  3. Body Text: The main body text varies with different types of papers, but should usually include the following sections: Introduction, Material and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements, and References. The main headings of each section of the body of the text should be written in capital letters, bold and centered. Secondary headings should have only the first letter capitalized, bolded, and centered. Tertiary headings should be the first letter capitalized, in bold and indented left. In all cases, the text should start on the next line.
  4. References: Citations in the text should be given as follows: Martins (1959) or (Martins, 1959) or (Martins, 1959, 1968, 2015) or Martins (1959a, b) or Martins (1959: 14-20) or Martins (1959: figs. 1, 2) or Martins & Reichardt (1964) or (Lane, 1940; Martins & Chemsak, 1966a, b) or Martins et al. (1966) or (Martins et al., 1966), the latter when the article contains 3 (three) or more authors. There is no need to provide full reference when authors and date are presented only as authority of taxa.
  5. References Models: References should be arranged alphabetically and according to the following format, respecting the titles in italics:
  • Journal Articles - Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal name, volume: initial page-final page. Journal titles must be written in full (not abbreviated).
  • Books - Author(s). Year. Book title. Publisher, Place of publication.
  • Books Chapters - Author(s). Year. Chapter title or part. In: Author(s) or Editor(s), Book title. Publisher, Place of publication, Volume or part, initial page-final page.
  • Dissertations and Theses - Author(s). Year. Title of dissertation or thesis. (Masters Dissertation or Doctoral Thesis). University, Place of publication.
  • Electronic Publications - Author(s). Year. Document title. Available at: electronic address. Access in: DD/MM/AAAA.

TABLES

  • All tables should be numbered in the same sequence in which they are cited in the text.
  • Legends should be self-explanatory, without need to resort to text.
  • Tables should be formatted preferentially towards portrait, remaining the sense landscape for exceptional cases.
  • In the text, tables should be referred as Table 1, Tables 2 and 4, Tables 2-6.
  • Use “TABLE” in the table(s) heading(s).

FIGURES

  • The figures must be numbered consecutively, in the same sequence in which they are cited in the text.
  • Each illustration of a composite figure should be identified by a capital letter and referred to in the text as, for example: Fig. 1A, Fig. 1B.
  • When possible, the letters must be positioned in the lower-left corner of each illustration of a composite figure.
  • Photographs in black and white or color must be scanned at high resolution (300 DPI minimum).
  • Use “Fig(s).” for referring to figures in the text, “FIGURE(S)” in the figure captions and “fig(s).” when referring to figures in another paper.
  • The figures will be printed in black and white but maintained in color in the final PDF file.

PROOFS

  • Page-proofs with the revised version will be sent by email to the corresponding author.
  • Page-proofs must be returned to the Editor, preferentially within 48 (forty-eight) hours.
  • Only necessary corrections in proof will be permitted.
  • The omission of return the proof will mean automatic approval of version with no changes and may result in a delay in publication.

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