New species and new records of Tonnoira (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Brazil

  • Freddy Bravo Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO), Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos (LASIS) - Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-0959-0767
  • Naiara Vilarinho Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO), Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos (LASIS) - Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9593-2147
  • Maíra Xavier Araújo Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO), Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos (LASIS) - Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil. http://orcid.org/0000-0003-2447-9901
Keywords: Psychodinae, Maruinini, Moth fly, Atlantic Rain Forest, Neotropical Region

Abstract

A new species of moth-fly, Tonnoira igrapiunensis sp. nov. (Psychodidae, Psychodinae), from the Brazilian Atlantic Rain Forest is described. The new species can be distinguished from other species of the genus by its eye bridge separated by 0.5 facet diameter, R₅ ending slightly posterior to apex of the wing, gonostyli bifurcated with long arm shorter than length of gonocoxites, aedeagus bipartite and asymmetrical, and two asymmetrical parameres. The gonostylus is similar to that of Tonnoira andradei Santos, 2014, but in the latter species the aedeagus has only one shaft and not two as in the new species. Tonnoira bifida Bravo & Chagas, 2004, Tonnoira brisolaii Santos, 2014, and Tonnoira galatiae Santos, 2014 have their distribution expanded.

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Author Biographies

Freddy Bravo, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO), Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos (LASIS) - Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil.

Avenida Transnordestina, s/nº, Novo Horizonte, CEP 44036-900, Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil.

Naiara Vilarinho, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO), Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos (LASIS) - Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil.

Avenida Transnordestina, s/nº, Novo Horizonte, CEP 44036-900, Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil.

Maíra Xavier Araújo, Universidade Estadual de Feira de Santana (UEFS), Departamento de Ciências Biológicas (DCBIO), Laboratório de Sistemática de Insetos (LASIS) - Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil.

Avenida Transnordestina, s/nº, Novo Horizonte, CEP 44036-900, Feira de Santana, BA, Brasil.

References

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Bravo F. & Chagas, C. 2004. Espécies Novas de Tonnoira Enderlein (Diptera: Psychodidae) do Nordeste brasileiro. Neotropical Entomology, 33: 601-605.

Bravo, F.; Chagas, C. & Alves, V.R. 2008. Description of two new species of Tonnoira Enderlein from caves in the Brazilian Amazon and comments about the taxonomic status of Tonnoira plumaria Quate (Diptera, Psychodidae, Psychodinae). Zootaxa, 1916: 63-68.

Chagas-Vieira, C. 2012. New records of Tonnoira Enderlein (Diptera, Psychodidae, Psychodinae) from the Brazilian Amazon with descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa, 3318: 51-56.

Cumming, J.M. & Wood, D.M. 2017. 3. Adult morphology and terminology, pp. 51-63. In: Kirk-Spriggs, A.H. & Sinclair, B.J. (Eds.). Manual of Afrotropical Diptera. Vol. 1. Introductory chapters and keys to Diptera families. Pretoria, South African National Biodiversity Institute. 1361p.

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Quate, L.W. 1996. Preliminary taxonomy of Costa Rican Psychodidae (Diptera), exclusive of Phlebotominae. Revista de Biología Tropical, 44(Suppl. 1): 1-81.

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Wagner, R. 1981. Two new moth-flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) from South America. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 16: 217-220.

Published
2020-06-08
How to Cite
Bravo, F., Vilarinho, N., & Araújo, M. (2020). New species and new records of Tonnoira (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Brazil. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206026. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.26
Section
Original Article