Phylogeny and classification of the Bucconidae (Aves, Galbuliformes) based on osteological characters

Keywords: Puffbirds, Morphology, Systematics

Abstract

The puffbirds (Bucconidae) are relatively poorly studied birds whose intrafamilial relationships have not yet been explored within a phylogenetic framework in a published study. Here, we performed a parsimony analysis of osteological data obtained following the examination of all the genera and 32 out of the 36 species recognized in Bucconidae currently. The analysis yielded eight equally parsimonious trees (426 minimum steps). Ambiguous relationships were observed only in Notharcus ordii, Malacoptila fusca, and Nonnula rubecula. Notably, Bucco was polyphyletic, leading to the resurrection of Cyphos and Tamatia. In addition, the osteological data provided a well-resolved phylogeny (topological dichotomies) and the support indices indicated that most of the nodes were robust at all hierarchical levels. We thus propose the first revised classification of the Bucconidae.

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Author Biographies

Sérgio Roberto Posso, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul (UFMS) - Três Lagoas, MS, Brasil.

Avenida Capitão Olinto Mancini, 1.662, Centro, CEP 79600-080, Três Lagoas, MS, Brasil.

Reginaldo José Donatelli, Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" (UNESP) - Bauru, SP, Brasil.

Avenida Engenheiro Luiz Edmundo Carrijo Coube, 14-01, Núcleo Residencial Presidente Geisel, CEP 17033-360, Bauru, SP, Brasil.

Vitor Q. Piacentini, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso (UFMT) - Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.

Avenida Fernando Correa da Costa, 2.367, Coxipó, CEP 78060-900, Cuiabá, MT, Brasil.

Anderson Guzzi, Universidade Federal do Piauí (UFPI) - Parnaíba, PI, Brasil.

Avenida São Sebastião, 2.819, Nossa Senhora de Fátima, CEP 64202-020, Parnaíba, PI, Brasil.

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Published
2020-06-08
How to Cite
Posso, S. R., Donatelli, R. J., Piacentini, V., & Guzzi, A. (2020). Phylogeny and classification of the Bucconidae (Aves, Galbuliformes) based on osteological characters. Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 60, e20206027. https://doi.org/10.11606/1807-0205/2020.60.27
Section
Original Article

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