Taxonomy and biogeography of Stephanoxis Simon, 1897 (Aves: Trochilidae)
AbstractAfter the description in the 19th century of two hummingbird species currently allocated to the genus Stephanoxis, Peters (1945) merged both taxa into a single species without providing any rationale. Here we re-evaluate the taxonomy and species limits of the representatives of this genus based on an extensive number of specimens. We demonstrate these taxa are better treated as full species under both the Biological and Phylogenetic Species Concepts due to their well-defined range and plumage patterns and reciprocally diagnosability. They have distinct, allopatric distributions segregated by a 160 km gap between the Serra do Mar, to the east, and Serra de Paranapiacaba, to the west, in the state of São Paulo. Stephanoxis species have ranges which are congruent with other montane bird species suggesting shared vicariance events during preterit interglacial periods.
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Cavarzere, V., Silveira, L., Vasconcelos, M., Grantsau, R., & Straube, F. (2014). Taxonomy and biogeography of Stephanoxis Simon, 1897 (Aves: Trochilidae) . Papéis Avulsos De Zoologia, 54(7), 69-79. https://doi.org/10.1590/0031-1049.2014.54.07
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