Oviposition and development in the glass frog Hyalinobatrachium orientale (Anura: Centrolenidae)
Keywords: amphibians, embryonic development, glass frogs, oviposition, Tobago, West Indies.
AbstractOviposition and development in the glass frog Hyalinobatrachium orientale (Anura: Centrolenidae). Oviposition and external embryonic developmental features are described in the Tobago glass frog, Hyalinobatrachium orientale. Egg clutches are nearly always laid on the undersides of leaves (one exception); usually leaves of Heliconia sp. are used, but Philodendron and palms may be used in the absence of Heliconia. Clutches contain 28.0 ± 5.3 eggs (mean ± SD) and eggs are 1.86 ± 0.11 mm in diameter. The behavior of one amplectant pair was followed for more than five hours; the pair rotated several times around a small area of the leaf depositing eggs in a tight spiral formation. External embryonic features were observed by scanning electron microscopy. Surface ciliation is extensive up to the time of hatching when it is lost; external gills are short and a cement gland is absent. Hatching gland cells were detectable on the anterodorsal surface of the head from Day 4 after deposition and persisted until at least Day 10, and hatching occurred between Days 9 and 16. During this period, progressive development in tail length, surface pigmentation, intestinal coiling, and oral disc features was observed. Post-hatching larvae reared for six weeks grew 37% in length and tripled in weight, but remained at Gosner Stage 25.
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How to Cite
Nokhbatolfoghahai, M., Pollock, C., & Downie, J. R. (2015). Oviposition and development in the glass frog Hyalinobatrachium orientale (Anura: Centrolenidae). Phyllomedusa: Journal of Herpetology, 14(1), 3-17. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2316-9079.v14i1p3-17
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