Instruction on rhythmic structure during learning enhances the breaststroke kick efficiency

  • Bettina Ried Escola Superior de Educação Física de Jundiaí
  • Graciele Massoli Rodrigues Escola Superior de Educação Física de Jundiaí
  • Cassio M. Meira Junior Universidade São Judas Tadeu; Universidade de São Paulo

Resumo

Motor learning can be fostered by visual or auditory instruction conveying information on different features of the skill, like spatial and rhythmic characteristics. For swimming skills like the breaststroke kick, manuals predominantly emphasise spatial features, neglecting rhythmic aspects – even though motor learning considers movement rhythm crucial for distinguishing one skill from another. We aimed to analyse the impact of instruction containing or not the adequate rhythmic pattern information, conveyed by visual or auditory stimulus, on learning the breaststroke kick. Fifty university students, assigned to four experimental groups (auditory, visual, with and without rhythmic information), performed 400 acquisition plus 50 retention and 50 transfer trials during which stroke index, rhythmic and spatial pattern indices and instruction request frequency were mapped. Results showed a marginal difference (p= .075) between higher indices in the retention test of participants receiving information about adequate rhythm, as well as a strong correlation between stroke index and rhythm pattern index, but not with spatial pattern index. No difference between auditory and visual groups was found. This result supports earlier research on the impact of rhythmic information on the learning of complex motor skills, and emphasises the role rhythm plays in skill efficiency and consequently in motor learning.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Laguna P. Task complexity and sources of task-related information during the observational learning process. J Sports Sci. 2008;26(10):1097-113

Hodges NJ, Williams AM, Hayes SJ, Breslin G. What is modelled during observational learning? J Sports Sci. 2007;25:531-45.

Hodges N, Franks I. Instructions, demonstrations and the learning process. In: Williams M, Hodges F, editors. Skill acquisition in sport: research, theory & practice. New York: Routledge; 2004. p. 145-174.

Tani G, Bruzi AT, Bastos FH, Chiviakowsky S. O estudo da demonstração em aprendizagem motora: estado da arte, desafios e perspectivas. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum. 2011;13(5):392-403.

Künzell S. Optimal attentional focus in practical sport settings: always external or task specific? Bewegung und Training [Internet]. 2007 [cited 2019 Feb 28];1:27-8. Available from http://bit.ly/2tGmdsb

Schmidt RA, Wrisberg CA. Aprendizagem e performance motora. Porto Alegre: Artmed; 2011.

Meinel K; Schnabel G. Bewegungslehre Sportmotorik. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer; 2007.

Vogt S, Tomaschke R. From visuo-motor interactions to imitation learning: behavioural and brain imaging studies. J Sports Sci. 2007;25(5):497-517.

Tani G, Corrêa UC, Basso L, Benda RN, Ugrinowitsch H, Choshi K. An adaptive process model of motor learning: insights for the teaching of motor skills. Nonlinear Dynamics Psychol Life Sci. 2014;18(1),47-65.

Brochard R, Touzalin P, Després O, Dufour A. Evidence of beat perception via purely tactile stimulation. Brain Res. 2008;1223:59-64.

Grahn J, Henry M, Mcauley J. FMRI investigation of cross-modal interactions in beat perception: audition primes vision, but not vice versa. Neuroimage. 2011;54:1231-43.

Thaut M. Rhythm, music and the brain. New York: Routledge; 2005. p. 4.

Ungerechts B, Persyn U, Colman V. Analysis of swimming techniques using vortex traces. In: Proceedings of the 18th International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports [Internet]; 2000 Jun 25-30; Hong Kong, China. Konstanz: ISBS; 2000. p. 1. Available from http://bit.ly/2EjhFwR

Triantafyllou MS, Triantafyllou GS, Yue DKP. Hydrodynamics of fishlike swimming. Annu Rev Fluid Mech. 2000;32:33-53.

Takagi H, Sugimoto S, Nishijima N, Wilson B. Swimming: differences in stroke phases, arm‐leg coordination and velocity fluctuation due to event, gender and performance level in breaststroke. Sports Biomech. 2004;3(1):15-27.

Seifert L, Chollet D. A new index of flat breaststroke propulsion: a comparison of elite men and women. J Sports Sci. 2005;23(3):309-20.

Makarenko LP. Natação. Porto Alegre: Artmed; 2001.

Lewin K. Schwimmsport. Berlin: Sportverlag; 1974.

Counsilman JE. Schwimmen. Bad Homburg: Limpert; 1978.

Reischle K. Biomechanik des Schwimmens. Bockenem: Fahnemann; 1988.

Maglischo E. Nadar mais rápido. Barueri: Manole; 1999.

Colwin C. Nadando para o século XXI. Barueri: Manole; 2000.

Ungerechts B, Volck G, Freitag W. Lehrplan Schwimmsport. Schorndorf: Hofmann; 2002.

Bissig M, Gröbli C, Amos L, Cserepy S. Schwimmwelt: Schwimmen lernen, Schwimmtechnik optimieren. Bern: Schulverlag; 2004.

Wilke K. Schwimmen lernen fuer Kinder und Erwachsene. Aachen: Meyer & Meyer; 2007.

Sanchez J, Arellano R. Stroke index values according to level, gender, swimming style and event race distance. In: Gianikellis K, editor. Proceedings of the XXth International Symposium on Biomechanics in Sports [Internet]. Cáceres: Universidad de Extremadura; 2002 [cited 2019 Feb 28]. p. 56-9. Available from http://bit.ly/2TkYpsb

Seifert L, Chollet D. Inter-limb coordination and constraints in swimming: a review. In: Beaulieu NP, editor. Physical activity and children: new research. New York: Nova Science; 2008. p. 65-93.

Soni R. Rebecca Soni: Adding a second kick to your breaststroke [video]. YouTube; 2012 [cited 2019 Feb 28]. Available from http://bit.ly/2Svopg1

Weber PA, Schumacher D, Battanta P. Swimworld basic 2 [DVD]. Magglingen: Bundesamt fuer Sport; 1999.

Sanli EA, Patterson JT, Bray SR, Lee TD. Understanding self-controlled motor learning protocols through the self-determination theory. Front Psychol. 2012;3:611.

Apolinário MR, Oliveira TAC, Ferreira LF, et al. Efeitos de diferentes padrões respiratórios no desempenho e na organização temporal das braçadas do nado “Crawl”. Rev Bras Educ Fís Esp. 2012;26(1):149-59.

Ellis PD. The essential guide to effect sizes. Cambridge: University Press; 2010.

Nuzzo R. Scientific method: statistical errors. Nature. 2014,506:150-2.

Wulf G, Chiviacowsky S, Schiller E, Ávila LTG. Frequent external-focus feedback enhances motor learning. Front Psychol. 2010;1:190. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2010.00190

Rieder H, Balschbach R, Payer B. Lernen durch Rhythmus. Köln: Sport und Buch Strauss; 1991.

Wang L, Hart M. Influence of auditory modeling on the learning of a swimming skill. Percept Mot Skills. 2005;100:640-8.

Langendorfer SJ, Bruya LD. Aquatic readiness. Champaign: Human Kinetics; 1995.

Frank G. Koordinative Fähigkeiten im Schwimmen. Schorndorf: Hofmann; 2008.

Ried B, Rodrigues G, Gama EF. Rhythm and its perception in the central nervous system. J Morphol Sci. 2015;31(3):187-97.

Koffka K. Experimental-Untersuchungen zur Lehre vom Rhythmus. Leipzig: Barth; 1908.

Spitznagel A. Zur Geschichte der psychologischen Rhythmusforschung. In: Müller K, Aschersleben G, editors. Rhythmus. Ein interdisziplinäres Handbuch. Bern: Huber; 2000. p. 1-40.

Shelton AL, McNamara TP. Systems of spatial reference in human memory. Cogn Psychol. 2001;43(4):274-310.

Lent R. Cem bilhões de neurônios? Conceitos fundamentais de neurociência. São Paulo: Atheneu; 2010.

Molinari M, Leggio MG, De Martin M, Cerasa A, Thaut M. Neurobiology of rhythmic motor entrainment. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2003;999:313-21.

Limb CJ, Kemeny S, Ortigoza EB, Rouhani SL, Braun AR. Left hemispheric lateralization of brain activity during passive rhythm perception in musicians. Anat Rec A Discov Mole Cell Evol Biol. 2006;288(4):382-9.

Grahn JA, Brett M. Rhythm and beat perception in motor areas of the brain. J Cogn Neurosci. 2007;19(5):893-906.

Chen J, Penhune VB, Zatorre RJ. Listening to musical rhythms recruits motor regions of the brain. Cereb Cortex. 2008;18:2844-54.

Bengtsson SL, Ullen F, Ehrsson H, et al. Listening to rhythms activates motor and premotor cortices. Cortex. 2009;45(1):62-71.

Publicado
2020-02-13
Como Citar
Ried, B., Rodrigues, G., & Meira Junior, C. (2020). Instruction on rhythmic structure during learning enhances the breaststroke kick efficiency. Revista Brasileira De Educação Física E Esporte, 32(1), 95-108. Recuperado de http://www.revistas.usp.br/rbefe/article/view/166659
Seção
Artigos