Anxiety, stress and depression in family members of patients with heart failure

  • Marianna Sobral Lacerda Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem
  • Melissa Alves Cirelli Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem
  • Alba Lúcia Bottura Leite de Barros Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem
  • Juliana de Lima Lopes Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Escola Paulista de Enfermagem

Abstract

OBJECTIVE Identifying the level of anxiety, stress and depression symptoms in family members of patients with heart failure; identifying the relationship between these feelings with sociodemographic and clinical variables. METHOD A cross-sectional study carried out with 100 family members. Depression, anxiety, and stress were evaluated by the Beck Depression and Anxiety Inventories and the Perceived Stress Scale - 10. The relationship between feelings and variables was performed through the t-test, Mann-Whitney or Kruskal-Wallis. RESULTS Mean depression was 8.24, anxiety was 77.95, and stress was 17.43. The correlation coefficient between depression and anxiety and depression and stress was 0.53, and it was 0.66 between anxiety and stress. Females (p=0.002, p=0.031), smoking (p=0.05, p=0.011) and sedentary lifestyle (p=0.023, p=0.001) were related to anxiety and stress, respectively. Family income lower than five minimum wages (p=0.012) was related to depression, and regular/poor self-perceived health status related to the three feelings. CONCLUSION Family members did not present high levels of these feelings. The scales were directly correlated with each one another and some variables were related to stress, anxiety and depression.

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Published
2017-01-01
How to Cite
Lacerda, M., Cirelli, M., Barros, A., & Lopes, J. (2017). Anxiety, stress and depression in family members of patients with heart failure . Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 51, e03211-. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1980-220x2016018903211
Section
Original Article