Comparison of stress in freshman and senior nursing students

Keywords: Students, Nursing, Stress, Psychological, Risk Factors

Abstract

Objective: To compare stress levels in freshman and senior nursing students. Method: A cross-sectional study was carried out in a public federal university of the state of Bahia, with students who answered questionnaires about sociodemographic variables, academic life, and a scale for assessing stress in nursing students. Chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were applied to analyze the relationship between variables. To assess proportional trends between ordinal variables and groups, a chi-square test for linear trend was applied. The significance level was 5%. Results: One hundred and fifty-four students participated in the study. There was a tendency to higher stress levels among students in the last year compared to those in the first year, in four out of six domains: Performance of Practical Activities (p=0.00), Professional Communication (p=0.00), Environment (p=0.00) and Professional Education (p=0.00). Conclusion: High levels of stress were observed in students taking the last year. There is a need for broader research that includes other years of the course, an institutional reflection on stress factors and the adoption of an institutional policy that favors a better confrontation of stress factors.

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Published
2019-06-26
How to Cite
Mussi, F., Pires, C., Carneiro, L., Costa, A. L., Ribeiro, F., & Santos, A. (2019). Comparison of stress in freshman and senior nursing students. Revista Da Escola De Enfermagem Da USP, 53, e03431. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1980-220x2017023503431
Section
Original Articles