Interconexão entre saúde, espiritualidade e religiosidade

importância do ensino, da pesquisa e da assistência na educação médica

Palavras-chave: Assistência integral à saúde, Medicina integrativa, Terapias complementares, Espiritualidade, Religiosidade, Terapias espirituais, Educação médica

Resumo

Introdução: Desde os primórdios da humanidade, todas as populações valorizam a correlação entre a saúde e o binômio espiritualidade-religiosidade (E/R), embora tenham sido separados na prática médica moderna. Nas últimas décadas, têm-se observado um incremento de estudos e pesquisas que endossam a necessidade de se reconsiderar essa abordagem integrativa, com evidente incremento na atenção à saúde. Objetivo: O artigo ressalta a importância e a necessidade do ensino, da pesquisa e da assistência da interconexão entre saúde, espiritualidade e religiosidade na educação médica. Método: Revisão narrativa da literatura realizada em 2018 a partir das publicações existentes nas bases de dados MEDLINE (via PubMed) e LILACS (via BVS). Resultados: Descrevendo o panorama dos estudos que demonstram os efeitos positivos das práticas espirituais e religiosas na saúde física e mental dos indivíduos, o artigo evidencia que sua incorporação às demais terapias poderia incrementar o enfrentamento e a evolução clínica em inúmeras doenças. Conclusão: No entanto, pesquisas com desenhos apropriados devem ser realizadas para diferenciar o efeito terapêutico específico das intervenções espirituais e religiosas do efeito terapêutico não específico ou efeito placebo que o simbolismo espiritual e religioso desperta no psiquismo dos pacientes.

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Biografia do Autor

Marcus Zulian Teixeira, Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina. Médico homeopata. Doutor em Ciências Médicas. Coordenador da disciplina optativa Fundamentos da Homeopatia (MCM0773). Pesquisador do Programa de Saúde, Espiritualidade e Religiosidade (ProSER), Instituto de Psiquiatria, Hospital das Clinicas HCFMUSP, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, BR.

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Publicado
2020-04-23
Como Citar
Teixeira, M. (2020). Interconexão entre saúde, espiritualidade e religiosidade. Revista De Medicina, 99(2), 134-147. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1679-9836.v99i2p134-147
Seção
Artigos de Revisão/Review Articles