TOXOPLASMOSIS IN MEXICO: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SITUATION IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS

Authors

  • Ivonne HERNÁNDEZ-CORTAZAR Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia; CA Salud Animal; Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
  • Karla Y. ACOSTA-VIANA Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan; Centro de Investigaciones Regionales “Hideyo Noguchi”; CA Biomedicina de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias; Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
  • Antonio ORTEGA-PACHECO Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia; CA Salud Animal; Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
  • Eugenia del S. GUZMAN-MARIN Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan; Centro de Investigaciones Regionales “Hideyo Noguchi”; CA Biomedicina de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias; Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
  • Armando J. AGUILAR-CABALLERO Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan; Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia; CA Salud Animal; Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán
  • Matilde JIMÉNEZ-COELLO Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan; Centro de Investigaciones Regionales “Hideyo Noguchi”; CA Biomedicina de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Parasitarias; Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán

Abstract

Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic disease widely distributed throughout the world, infecting a wide variety of animal species including humans. In Mexico, this parasite has been detected in different parts of the country, particularly in the tropical areas where the parasite can remain infective for long periods of time due to the environmental conditions (i.e. high temperature and humidity over the whole year). Several epidemiological studies have been conducted in both human and animal populations, but despite the wide distribution of the agent in the country, there is a significant lack of knowledge on the parasite transmission, treatment alternatives and control measures. The lack of feral cat populations and control measures in sites of meat production for human consumption are playing a role that has led to the wide spread of the disease in the country, particularly in tropical areas of Southeastern Mexico. For these reasons, this manuscript aims to review the published information on relevant epidemiological aspects of infection with T. gondii in humans and animals from Mexico.

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Published

2015-04-01

How to Cite

HERNÁNDEZ-CORTAZAR, I., ACOSTA-VIANA, K. Y., ORTEGA-PACHECO, A., GUZMAN-MARIN, E. del S., AGUILAR-CABALLERO, A. J., & JIMÉNEZ-COELLO, M. (2015). TOXOPLASMOSIS IN MEXICO: EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SITUATION IN HUMANS AND ANIMALS . Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo, 57(2), 93-103. Retrieved from http://www.revistas.usp.br/rimtsp/article/view/100921

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Section

Review