CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH CHAGAS DISEASE FOLLOWED BETWEEN 2005-2013 BY PHARMACEUTICAL CARE SERVICE IN CEARÁ STATE, NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL

  • Laíse dos Santos PEREIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Farmácia; Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Erlane Chaves FREITAS Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Farmácia; Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Arduína Sofia Ortet de Barros Vasconcelos FIDALGO Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Farmácia; Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Mônica Coelho ANDRADE Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Farmácia; Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Darlan da Silva CÂNDIDO Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Farmácia; Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • José Damião da SILVA FILHO Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Farmácia; Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Vladimir MICHAILOWSKY Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Medicina; Departamento de Patologia e Medicina Legal; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • Maria de Fátima OLIVEIRA Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Farmácia; Departamento de Análises Clínicas e Toxicológicas; Universidade Federal do Ceará
  • José Ajax Nogueira QUEIROZ Universidade Federal do Ceará; Faculdade de Medicina; Departamento de Patologia e Medicina Legal; Universidade Federal do Ceará

Abstract

By controlling the transmission of Chagas disease, the challenge of providing assistance to millions of infected patients that reach old age arises. In this study, the socioeconomic, demographic and comorbidity records of all elderly chagasic patients followed at the Pharmaceutical Care Service of the Chagas Disease Research Laboratory were assessed. The information related to the clinical form of the disease was obtained from medical records provided by the Walter Cantídio University Hospital. The profile of the studied population was: women (50.5%); mean age of 67 years; retired (54.6%); married (51.6 %); high illiteracy rate (40.2%); and family income equal to the minimum wage (51.5%). The predominant clinical forms of Chagas disease were cardiac (65.3%) and indeterminate (14.7%). The main electrocardiographic changes were the right bundle branch block (41.0%), associated or not with the anterosuperior left bundle branch block (27.4%). The average number of comorbidities per patient was 2.23 ± 1.54, with systemic arterial hypertension being the main one found (67.0%). It was found that the elderly comprise a vulnerable group of patients that associate aging with cardiac and/or digestive disorders resulting from the evolution of Chagas disease and other comorbidities, which requires special attention from health services to ensure more appropriate medical and social care.

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Published
2015-04-01
How to Cite
PEREIRA, L., FREITAS, E., FIDALGO, A., ANDRADE, M., CÂNDIDO, D., SILVA FILHO, J., MICHAILOWSKY, V., OLIVEIRA, M., & QUEIROZ, J. (2015). CLINICAL AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PROFILE OF ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH CHAGAS DISEASE FOLLOWED BETWEEN 2005-2013 BY PHARMACEUTICAL CARE SERVICE IN CEARÁ STATE, NORTHEASTERN BRAZIL . Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo, 57(2), 145-152. Retrieved from http://www.revistas.usp.br/rimtsp/article/view/100958
Section
Chagas Disease