Animal helminths in human archaeological remains: a review of zoonoses in the past

  • Luciana Sianto Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca
  • Marcia Chame Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca
  • Cassius S.P. Silva Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca
  • Marcelo L.C. Gonçalves Universidade de Fortaleza
  • Karl Reinhard University of Nebraska
  • Martin Fugassa Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata
  • Adauto Araújo Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública Sérgio Arouca
Keywords: Coprolites, Paleoparasitology, Helminthiasis, Zoonoses, Ancient diseases

Abstract

The authors present a review of records of intestinal parasitic helminths from animals in human archaeological remains, reported since the emergence of paleopathological studies. The objective was to relate paleoparasitological findings to geographic, biotic, and abiotic factors from the environment in which the prehistoric populations lived, and understand some aspects related to the process of human dispersion and biological and cultural evolution. Modification of eating habits and the incorporation of new cultural practices are analyzed from the perspective of zoonoses from prehistory to the present day, especially in Brazilian indigenous populations. Three tables identifying the helminths, their natural hosts, dates, and sites of archaeological findings complete this review. In conclusion, various zoonoses known today have occurred since antiquity, and these data, combined with studies on the emergence and reemergence of diseases, could make possible to compose scenarios for the future.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2009-06-01
How to Cite
Sianto, L., Chame, M., Silva, C., Gonçalves, M., Reinhard, K., Fugassa, M., & Araújo, A. (2009). Animal helminths in human archaeological remains: a review of zoonoses in the past . Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo, 51(3), 119-130. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0036-46652009000300001
Section
Review