Risk perception about zoonoses in immigrants and Italian workers in Northwestern Italy

  • Natalia Cediel Universitá degli Studi di Torino; acoltà di Medicina Veterinaria; Dipartimento Produzioni Animali, Epidemiologia ed Ecologia
  • Valeria Conte Universitá degli Studi di Torino; acoltà di Medicina Veterinaria; Dipartimento Produzioni Animali, Epidemiologia ed Ecologia
  • Laura Tomassone Universitá degli Studi di Torino; acoltà di Medicina Veterinaria; Dipartimento Produzioni Animali, Epidemiologia ed Ecologia
  • Donatella Tiberti Sorveglianza e Controllo delle Malattie Infettive; Servizio di Riferimento Regionale di Epidemiologia per la Prevenzione
  • Paolo Guiso Azienda Sanitaria Locale ASL TO5
  • Jaime Romero Universidad de la Salle; Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias; Programa de Medicina Veterinaria
  • Luis Carlos Villamil Universidad de la Salle; Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias; Programa de Medicina Veterinaria
  • Daniele De Meneghi Universitá degli Studi di Torino; acoltà di Medicina Veterinaria; Dipartimento Produzioni Animali, Epidemiologia ed Ecologia
Keywords: Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Animal Husbandry, Zoonoses, Perception, Occupational Risks, Cross-Sectional Studies

Abstract

OBJETIVO: To assess factors associated with a low risk perception of zoonoses and to identify the gaps in knowledge about transmission and prevention of zoonoses in immigrant and Italian workers. MÉTODOS: A cross-sectional study with 175 workers in the agro-livestock and agro-food industry in Piemonte, Italy, was carried out. Data were collected with a semi-structured questionnaire based on knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) survey. We calculated proportions and used chi-square tests and odds ratios to assess associations. Eight individual interviews with key informants on immigration and public health in Piemonte were carried out. RESULTADOS: Participants were 82 (47%) Italians and 93 (53%) immigrants. Immigrants were from Romania, Morocco, Albania, India, China, Argentina, Peru, Macedonia, Ivory Coast, Ukraine and Colombia. The study revealed significant differences in risk perception at work (p = 0.001). We found associations between "not having correct knowledge about zoonoses" and the following variables: i. "being immigrant" OR = 4.1 (95%CI 1.7;9.8 p ≤ 0.01); ii. "working in the livestock industry" OR = 2.9 (95%CI 1.2;15.4 p = 0.01); and iii. "being an unqualified worker" OR = 4.4 (95%CI 2.9;15.4 p ≤ 0.01). Another strong association was found between being immigrant and having a low job qualification OR = 6.7 (IC95% 2.9 - 15.4 p ≤ 0.01). Asian immigrants were the group with the highest frequency of risky behaviours and the lowest level of knowledge about zoonoses. CONCLUSÕES: Our results indicate that there were differences in risk perception of zoonoses between the groups participating in our study. These results suggest that immigrant status can be considered a risk factor for having lower risk perception and lower level of knowledge of zoonoses at work. There is a relationship between this specific knowledge of zoonoses and lack of training and instruction among migrant populations. Our results stress the need for developing education programs on zoonoses prevention among the immigrant population in Piemonte, Italy.
Published
2012-10-01
How to Cite
Cediel, N., Conte, V., Tomassone, L., Tiberti, D., Guiso, P., Romero, J., Villamil, L., & De Meneghi, D. (2012). Risk perception about zoonoses in immigrants and Italian workers in Northwestern Italy. Revista De Saúde Pública, 46(5), 850-857. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0034-89102012000500012
Section
Original Articles