Optimal plant density and nitrogen rates for improving off-season corn yields in Brazil

Keywords: Zea mays, hybrid, population, corn yield, second-crop

Abstract

Integrating plant density and nitrogen (N) management is a strategy for improving corn yields, especially for off-season corn production in the tropics. This study tested the hypothesis that increasing plant densities and N rates promotes yield gains for off-season corn production in high-yielding environments. The aim of the study was to investigate the yield performances of two hybrid versions (DKB PRO and DKB PRO3) submitted to three plant densities (55,000; 65,000 and 75,000 plants ha−1) and four N rates (control, 60, 120 and 180 kg ha−1 N). Field trials were undertaken at Uberlândia-MG (site1 and 2) and Pedro Afonso-TO (site 3), Brazil from which data on corn yield parameters were collected and analyzed. Multivariate analysis separated the three trial areas into two groups, presenting high (sites 1 and 2) and low yields (site 3), which were related to weather conditions. There was no influence of a hybrid version or plant densities on crop yields at site 1 or 2. In contrast, there was a positive response to increasing plant densities and the use of DKB PRO3 at site 3. A significant response to N was observed at sites 2 and 3, following a plateau model. Our results suggest that N application rates and plant densities do have the potential to increase off-season corn yields in low yielding environments.

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Published
2019-04-17
How to Cite
Faria, I., Vieira, J. L., Tenelli, S., Almeida, R. E., Campos, L. J., Costa, R., Zavaschi, E., Almeida, R., Carneiro, L., & Otto, R. (2019). Optimal plant density and nitrogen rates for improving off-season corn yields in Brazil. Scientia Agricola, 76(4), 344-352. https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-992x-2017-0295
Section
Soils and Plant Nutrition