Consciência infeliz, unidimensionalidade e a possibilidade de transformação social
Palavras-chave:Teoria crítica, Herbert Marcuse, Transformação social, Unidimensionalidade, Emancipação
The present article departs from concepts and ideas thoroughly developed by Herbert Marcuse. As such, it deals with his approach concerning the possibility of social transformation, looking to problematize the obstacles and hardships associated to the ongoing forms of social domination. To take this through, central works such as Eros and civilization and One-dimensional man are taken up, along with a number of lesser known texts and posthumously published reflections. Asserting the influence of Hegel, Marx and Freud, it is considered possible to criticize some of the existing contradictions that mark capitalist relations, interpreting them dialectically and immanently to unveil the potentials for social change through democratic attunement.
Farr, Arnold L. (2009), Critical theory and democratic vision: Herbert Marcuse and recent liberation philosophies. Lanham, Lexington.
Feenberg, Andrew. (1981), Lukács, Marx and the sources of critical theory. New Jersey, Rowman and Littlefield.
Kellner, Douglas et al. (2009), “Introduction”. In: Kellner, Douglas et al. (eds.). Marcuse’s challenge to education. Lanham, Rowman and Littlefield, pp. 1-33.
Lukács, George. (1971), History and class consciousness. Cambridge, The mit Press.
Marcuse, Herbert. (1964), One-dimensional man. Boston, Beacon.
Marcuse, Herbert. ( 2001), “Political preface to Eros and civilization, 1966”. In: Marcuse, Herbert. Towards a critical theory of society. New York, Routledge, pp. 95-106.
Marcuse, Herbert. ( 2001), “Beyond one-dimensional man”. In: Marcuse, Herbert. Towards a critical theory of society. New York, Routledge, pp. 107-120.
Marcuse, Herbert. (2000), “Preface”. In: Dunayevskaya, Raya. Marxism & freedom: from 1776 until today. Amherst, Humanity, pp. xx–xxv.
Marcuse, Herbert. (2005), The new left, and the 1960s. New York, Routledge.
Marcuse, Herbert. (2007), “A note on dialectics”. In: Marcuse, Herbert. The essential Marcuse: selected writings of philosopher and social critic Herbert Marcuse. Boston, Beacon, pp. 63-71.
Marcuse, Herbert & Neumann, Franz. (1998), “Theories of social change”. In: Marcuse, Herbert. Technology, war and fascism. New York, Routledge, pp. 105-138.
Marx, Karl. (2000a), “Economic and philosophical manuscripts”. In: Marx, Karl. Selected writings. Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 83-121.
Marx, Karl. (2000b), “Capital”. In: Marx, Karl. Selected writings. Oxford/New York, Oxford University Press, pp. 452-546.
Pinkard, Terry. (1994), Hegel’s phenomenology: the sociality of reason. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
Young, Iris Marion Young. (2000), Inclusion and democracy. Oxford, Oxford University Press.